Before daybreak on November 30, the regiments of Potter
's brigade at the landing moved to join him, followed by Colonel Hartwell
, with the Fifty-fifth Massachusetts and the remaining artillery.
The Twenty-sixth and One Hundred and Second United States Colored Troops had not arrived at that hour.
At about 7 A. M. our cavalry beyond Bolan
's church reported the enemy advancing down.
moved his column at 7.30 A. M., preceded by the One Hundred and Twentyseventh New York, skirmishing.
For half a mile the road was bounded by dense woods, then a cotton-field, beyond which were thick woods reaching to a creek crossed by a causeway.
Across this field our skirmishers at 8.15 A. M. met the enemy's light troops, who retired slowly.
Our advance had crossed the field, when, at 8.30 A. M.,, the first cannon-shot was heard, coming from the enemy.
formed line of battle, and Lieut. E. A. Wildt
's section, Battery B, Third New York, shelled the Confederates
Then our skirmishers entered the woods and Col. George W. Baird
's Thirty-second United States. Colored Troops, moving along the causeway by the flank at the double-quick, through a severe fire which wounded Lieut.-Col. Edward C. Geary
and killed or wounded a number of men, cleared the head of the causeway.
Before this retirement the enemy set fire to the dead grass and stubble of an old field beyond the swamp which delayed our progress as intended, and they continued to annoy our advance with occasional shots.
Over part of the way still farther onward the troops were confined to the narrow road in column by woods and swamps, while the skirmishers and flankers struggled through vines and underbrush.
At a point where the road turned to the left, Colcock