with the thunders of an almost incessant cannonade.
Smoke-clouds hung over the naval vessels, our batteries, and those of the enemy.
During this terrible bombardment, the two infantry regiments and the artillery companies, except gun detachments, kept in the bombproofs.
But the Charleston Battalion lay all day under the parapets of Wagner
,—a terrible ordeal, which was borne without demoralization.
In spite of the tremendous fire, the enemy's loss was only eight men killed and twenty wounded, before the assault.
foresaw that this bombardment was preliminary to an assault, and had instructed his force to take certain assigned positions when the proper time came.
To three companies of the Charleston Battalion was given the Confederate
right along the parapet; the Fifty-first North Carolina, along the curtain; and the Thirty-first North Carolina, the left, including the southeast bastion.
Two companies of the Charleston Battalion were placed outside the work, covering the gorge.
A small reserve was assigned to the body of the fort.
Two field-pieces were to fire from the traverse flanking the beach face and approach.
For the protection of the eight-inch shell-guns in the curtain and the field-pieces, they were covered with sand-bags, until desired for service.
Thoroughly conversant with the ground, the Confederate
commander rightly calculated that the defile would break up the formation of his assailants at a critical moment, when at close range.
, at noon, ascended the lookout on a hill within his lines, and examined the ground in front.
Throughout the day this high point was the gatheringplace of observers.
The tide turned to flow at 4 P. M.,