the lead in the advance trench opening the ground, followed by fatigue details which widened the cut and threw up the enlarged cover.
These workers were without arms, but were supported by the guard of the trenches.
Upon this fatigue work with the engineers, the Fifty-fourth at once engaged.
During the night of the 31st work went on rapidly, as the enemy fired but little.
Out of a detail of forty men from the One Hundred and Fourth Pennsylvania, one was killed and six were wounded.
One of the guard was killed by a torpedo.
A man of Company K, of our regiment, was mortally wounded that night.
Early on September 1 our land batteries opened on Sumter
, and the monitors on Wagner
Four arches in the north face of Sumter
with platforms and guns were carried away.
Lieut. P. S. Michie
, United States Engineers, was temporarily in charge of the advance works on the right.
Much work was done in strengthening the parapets and revetting the slopes.
Our Fifty-fourth detail went out under Lieutenant Higginson
that morning, and had one man wounded.
Rev. Samuel Harrison
, of Pittsfield, Mass.
, commissioned chaplain of the regiment, arrived that day.
September 2 the land batteries were throwing some few shots at Sumter
and more at Wagner
Capt. Jos. Walker
, First New York Engineers, started the sap at 7 P. M. in a new direction under heavy fire.
Considering that the trench was but eighty yards from Wagner
, good progress was made.
The sap-roller could not be used, because of torpedoes planted thereabout.
Our fire was concentrated upon Wagner
on the 3d, to protect sapping.
But little success resulted, for the enemy's sharpshooters on the left enfiladed our trench at from one hundred to three hundred yards. At this time the narrowest development in the