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[641] State. Now that slavery is abolished, and Maryland free, it seems little less than cruelty to keep these men in bonds. Will you ascertain how many there actually are serving under the above head, what are their names, and if any one there has remembered them, and taken any step towards securing their release? Is there any thing that any one here can do for them? By giving your attention to this matter, and advising me of the result, you will much oblige your friend.

To which, on the 25th of November, Mr. Snethen replied,—

All persons confined in the Maryland Penitentiary for offences against the late slave code have been released, except seven of the sixteen whom the abolition of slavery found incarcerated. These seven are charged with other crimes, but the Governor (Bradford) is doing all he can to get them out. We do not see how outside influence can hasten this deliverance.

On the 26th of November (Sunday evening), the Governor wrote the following letter to his dear friend and pastor, Rev. James Freeman Clarke:—

I desire to echo your suggestion made to-day after sermon, and I hope for an efficient movement at the Wednesday evening meeting in behalf of the freedmen.

Although the Government of the United States ought to serve out rations, and to protect the poor people from the suffering from hunger impending this winter, there will still be large room left for private charity. Labor disorganized, fields wasted, crops unmade, planters impoverished and demoralized, the freedmen uncertain, half protected, they and their old masters mutually doubtful of each other, the poor white hostile in great measure, and all the victims more of their ignorance and of antecedent circumstances than of present bad intentions,—this is the picture a large part of the South now exhibits. We in the North are in comfort and prosperity. We must intervene for the immediate preservation of the colored people of the South, powerless for the moment to save themselves, and, by wise and prudent generosity, help to float them over, until a new crop can be made. Acting in connection with the Freedmen's Bureau, and with sensible and practical agents, a million of dollars raised by the North before Christmas, while in reality and comparatively a small sum, would do unspeakable good.

I presume I shall not be able to attend the meeting; but I beg the privilege of helping its purpose, though absent. And therefore I write

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