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[459] forty-three wounded. The soldiers behaved with the greatest steadiness and gallantry, and, though exposed to a galling crossfire, advanced resolutely through a dense wood and swamp upon the enemy, who were unable to withstand the attack.

On the 16th of December, it suffered again at the battle of Whitehall, with a loss of four killed, and sixteen wounded. Among the killed was the gallant Sergeant Parkman, of Boston, who bore the United States colors.

The army returned to Newbern after the battle of Goldsborough, in which the Forty-fifth was not actively engaged.

On the 17th of January, 1863, the brigade proceeded upon a reconnoissance towards Trenton, for five days; after which, until April 25, it acted as provost-guard in Newbern.

On the 28th of April, two companies, commanded by Captains Minot and Tappan, under the orders of Major Sturgis, were sent on an expedition up the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, to endeavor to ascertain the strength of the enemy. Captain Bumstead's company was directed to proceed to the cross-road leading to the Dover road, to explore, and communicate with Brigadier-General Palmer, whose column was on that road. The remainder of the troops immediately started upon the expedition, the enemy being reported in some force in the neighborhood of the junction. An engagement took place, resulting in the defeat of the enemy; and the colors of the regiment were planted upon their works.

During the remainder of the term of service, the regiment remained encamped near Fort Spinola; and, on June 24, it proceeded to Morehead City, and embarked for Boston, and was mustered out of service at Readville July 8, 1863.

The Forty-sixth Regiment was in the Department of North Carolina. It arrived at Newbern Nov. 15, and was assigned to the brigade commanded by Colonel Horace C. Lee, of the Twenty-seventh Massachusetts.

Having encamped on the right bank of the Neuse River, very soon after its arrival two companies were detached from the regiment, and assigned to outpost duty at Newport Barracks, Captain Spooner taking command of the post.

The regiment was occupied in perfecting itself in drill until

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