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[474] arrived May 28, 1863, and was mustered out of service; having served the entire term without the loss of a single man from any cause whatever.

These nine months organizations did effective service in the various departments in which they were stationed. They carried the flag of the nation and the colors of the Commonwealth from the city of Washington to the city of Galveston; from Virginia to Texas:—a wider area and a more extended line than was occupied by troops from any other State. After the capture of Port Hudson and Vicksburg, which opened the Mississippi River to the Union forces, the Fifty-second Regiment was the first loyal command which ascended the river from New Orleans to Cairo, at the mouth of the Ohio; thus keeping up the advance record of Massachusetts troops.

The following table shows the number of men in each regiment and in the Eleventh Battery who died, were killed, discharged, taken prisoners, and deserted:--

Regiments. Died. Killed. Disch'd. Pris'ners. Deserted.
Third, Colonel Richmond 13 2 45 14 6
Fourth, Colonel Walker 120 8 25 3 15
Fifth, Colonel Pierson 13 43 29
Sixth, Colonel Follansbee 13 12 26 6 8
Eighth, Colonel Coffin 9 32 42
Forty-second, Colonel Burrill 32 4 45 14 62
Forty-third, Colonel Holbrook 13 2 65 89
Forty-fourth, Colonel Lee 24 8 81 3
Forty-fifth, Colonel Codman 32 10 61 48
Forty-sixth, Colonel Shurtleff 33 172 10
Forty-seventh, Colonel Marsh 25 2 103 219
Forty-eighth, Colonel Stone 50 10 66 154
Forty-ninth, Colonel Bartlett 84 21 67 1 32
Fiftieth, Colonel Messer 84 36 27
Fifty-first, Colonel Sprague 42 97 17
Fifty-second, Colonel Greenleaf 86 8 20 3
Fifty-third, Colonel Kimball 146 18 54 21
Eleventh Battery, Captain Jones
819 105 1038 38 785

The large number of persons who deserted from some of the regiments may surprise many readers. It is a fact, considered without explanation, not creditable to our people. Nearly all the desertions took place before the regiments left the State, and very few of the men belonged to Massachusetts. They came from other States, stimulated to enlist by the offer of large

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