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[480] armory, slaughter all who opposed them, and capture the guns. These facts were reported to the Governor at the State House. The mob increased in numbers and vehemence. The quiet inside was in strange contrast to the noise and excitement outside. It was a fearful moment. Here were a few disciplined and determined men, in a comparatively small room with barred doors, and offering no cause of disturbance to those without, which numbered at least four or five thousand men. The soldiers inside held the key of the city. Under their charge were the only pieces of cannon, and ammunition to supply them, in Boston. But those guns were loaded, and the men were ready for an attack, should one be made. At last, wearied with throwing stones and other implements against the doors, which proved unavailing, a concerted movement was made by the mob to force the entrance and gain possession of the guns. Delay was no longer wise or prudent. The entrance had been nearly forced, and the word was given to fire. The effect was electrical. Several of the rioters were killed; many more wounded,—how many will probably never be known. The mob scattered, and the riot was virtually crushed, although other demonstrations, comparatively feeble, were made in Dock Square and around Faneuil Hall, to break into the gun-store of Read & Son. Yet the firmness and bravery of the military stationed there, and the police of Boston, to whom great credit should be given, awed and scattered the rioters. Several arrests were made of persons supposed to be ringleaders in the mob, but no more powder and canister were used. The one volley in Cooper Street ended the riot, and no soldier or loyal man was hurt. Thus ended what appeared at one time to be a serious menace to the city. Quiet was restored. In a few days after the military were relieved from duty, and returned to their several posts. The entire cost of this military guard of honor and of peace was $14,495.

The law of Congress to raise troops by draft was put in operation in this Commonwealth in the months of June and July. Major Clarke, U. S. A., one of the truest gentlemen who ever held command in Massachusetts during the war, was appointed Provost-Marshal-General of the State, with headquarters

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