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[154] from here, but what the programme is I know not; sultry, every indication of a storm; got some fine potatoes, enjoyed them; sundown, took the back track, travelled all night, through Rockville, encamped on creek; made fifteen miles.

July 13.--Clear; rested the balance of the day; sundown, again pegging it through Booneville ; took up on the banks of the Potomac for about twelve hours; daylight, waded river.

July 14--Took up at a big spring near Leesburg, on the ground where Evans achieved his victory in 1861; cooked two days rations; we have an immense number of cattle and over 1,000 prisoners; over the river, and thus far safe; fighting all day over the river; infantry all on Virginia side; all horses captured by men taken away from them, officers, though, I see, are permitted to steal.

July 16--Clear; daylight, start through Leesburg; had to lay down to rest for an hour; Yankee cavalry made a charge on our train, capturing and destroying several wagons before we could form and get to them; we easily scattered them, killing three and capturing three; artillery, two pieces, took position on slope of mountain, and lay two hours expecting an attack there; mountain at Snicker's Gap ; camped on Shenandoah River.

July 17--Clear; at daylight waded the river and on to Berryville; counter-marched and are now lying in the woods. Vaughan's horses arrived from Grayson County in charge of Captains Reese, Fisher, and others.

July 18--Clear; when will it rain? Inspection; drew coffee and sugar; plenty of mountain ditney, makes a very palatable tea. 1 P. M.--Marched and put into line near the river; water good but unhandy. 2 P. M.--Marched, under heavy artillery fire, closer to the enemy; several men wounded in getting into position; they are splendid artillerists; heavy fighting; we, as the reserve, slept under arms.

July 19--Clear; we drove the Yanks across the river last night, and are still peppering away at them; Thomas Smith and Joseph Stuart are sharpshooting. 12 M.--Relieved and back to old quarters; cooked; at dark moved through Berryville, and by daylight made Ashby's Gap; rested three hours and then on to Gap; camped in a meadow.

July 21--Clear; daylight start; we are attached to Wharton's brigade; quick time to Middletown, and are now lying in the woods here; it is reported that Ransom's cavalry and Ramsuer's infantry were whipped yesterday near Winchester; got this man's book from Joseph Smith; our boys have numerous nic-nax captured from the Yankees; rumored there are four corps after us; if so, we are in a tight place.

July 22--Clear; daylight start; took position on hill at Strasburg; lay in line all day, awaiting an attack; evening, drew off to woods; McRea rejoined us; no rations.

July 23-Clear; half rations; out on picket; euchre; H. Roddy rejoined us.

July 24--Clear; army in motion; no move toward Winchester; all sorts of grape-vines in circulation; one day's rations, very short, issued; came up on enemy near Newtown; we are in centre of front line, skirmishing, heavy shells and bullets coming thick among us; McRea wounded in knee. 2 P. M.--Moved to and by the right flank and ordered to charge; did so, and drove the Yanks, under a hot fire, several miles through Winchester and encamped about three miles; our boys behaved gallantly; we gained a victory, but don't know anything of the advantages, beyond removing a formidable enemy from our front; they gave way too soon for us; had they fought us half an hour longer, we should, in all probability, have made a brilliant day of it. Part of our infantry was aiming to get at their rear, but the precipitation with which they broke, if it did not redound to their honor, saved their carcasses. I got a canteen, knapsack, haversack, crackers, a sponge and a saddle, which I gave the Colonel, but had to leave my sword — so much in my way, having no belt, and using my repeater.

July 25--Rain; all wet through and cold; nothing to eat but a little coffee we picked up. “We marched and fought yesterday about 25 miles ;” to town with Colonel McRanny; turned back by the guard, having no pass; hungry. 5 P. M., took the road, and encamped near Darksville about 10 P. M.; one day's rations issued and cooked for to-morrow, cheating us out of to-day's, We have eaten just half what we drew this evening, so that to-morrow we suffer again. Not right, but we can't help ourselves. Kelly and Roddy to hospital at Winchester; Yanks said to be just ahead of us; look sharp for to-morrow.

July 26--Clear. Started at 6 through Martinsburg on to Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; encamped to cook two miles east of town; are now playing smash with the railroad. Our cavalry have hard and continuous fighting, but are driving the enemy all the time.

July 28--Clear. Resting.

July 30--Wet.

July 31--Clear. Daylight start; marched to Darksville. Roberts, Smith, and Wear to hospital; about the hottest day I ever experienced; in charge of picket of twenty men at White Sulphur Springs. All quiet.

August 1--Clear. Got a good breakfast; bought Starr's repeating pistol from Stewart on General Gordon's staff; price--, No. 9,010; pleasant and shady out here; would like to stay on duty. Buttermilk and pork for dinner. 5 P. M., relieved by Clark's battery men; slight rain this evening.

August 2--Dull. Slight rain; how I do wish it would come down for a twenty-four hours stretch. Yanks said to be cautiously advancing; all of them across the Potomac.

August 3--Clear. General inspection; preaching yesterday; slight shower; orders to cook two day's rations and move daylight in morning. Colonel McRanny to hospital yesterday; Mann

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