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[215] about a mile south of Pine Mountain. Cleburne's division, and a portion of Walker's, were drawn up in line, about a quarter of a mile in advance of their works. The division advanced to the attack in fine style, the lines steady almost as on dress-parade, and the men cool, and about four o'clock, they began to move upon the rebel line, and, despite a stubborn resistance, drove them steadily beyond their works. The rebels opened then with a battery, directed upon the right of the division, but they were only permitted to fire six rounds, when they were silenced by Ireland's brigade. They were discovered moving a column rapidly through an open space, as if intending to turn the left of the division, and orders were at once despatched to General Williams to hurry up his division in support. But it was only a strategem to cover a solid movement upon the right of the division, which had by this time pressed forward considerably in advance of Butterfield's division, and now found itself floating in the air. Here was the real point of danger, but it was promptly met by the One Hundred and Second and part of the Sixtieth New York, which were on the extreme right, and by swinging partly round and presenting a new front, repelled the assault and saved the flank. The division advanced to within eighty yards of the breastworks, and held their ground; but as it was unsupported on both flanks, and the rebel line was their main one, and very strong, it was, of course, impracticable for it to attempt to carry it.

The effect of the rapid discharges of grape and canister at short range upon the division had been very severe, causing a loss of about six hundred. The missing were very few in number, as were also the prisoners taken. Over sixty rounds of ammunition were expended in the attack, and, for lack of roads which were practicable for the ponderous ammunition wagons, a limited supply was hurried up on the backs of team mules.

The division had silenced all the ten guns in its front. One regiment, the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania, unmanning three of them, and the Sixty-sixth Ohio another, and have kept them thus throughout the night and up to this time. If only the rebel line could be broken, on its flanks and driven back, the Second division would be enabled to carry off these, its fairly and hardly-won trophies, in triumph.

About six o'clock. P. M., General Butterfield's division had deployed into position a little in rear of the piece of woods in which the rebels were lurking, and upon advancing a short distance into it the firing became general in front of the two divisions, and continued to be very heavy till night, when it began slowly to slacken. The Third division had been able to advance nearly the entire distance through a cleared field, in which a rebel line could not be posted, and as it reached the woods late and was engaged a shorter time than the Second, its losses were much lighter, not, perhaps, much over one hundred and sixty. The General led the division in column of brigades, the Third brigade, General Ward, being in advance and suffering most severely in consequence, and he had advanced but a little distance into the timber when three batteries opened on them; a heavy fire of grape and canister went smashing through the trees at a rate which, had it continued any great length of time, must have proved very destructive. Their shells, also, raked through the first line and flying high over the heads of the last, lodged in the midst of a promiscuous congregation of camp-followers, correspondents and the like, producing an active stampede among them to the no small amusement of veterans. The division bore the rebels magnificently along ahead of it, over their first rude line of works, till they got within their second, behind which they made a stand. So impetuously did the men advance, that before they were well aware of it, they had left a gap on the right, between themselves and the Twenty-third corps, and were threatened with a flank attack. Two regiments were immediately refused, and swinging back, closed the perilous interval, and rendered the position secure.

General Butterfield and staff emulated the splendid bravery of their regiments, riding to all points where orders were to be executed or delivered, with as little apparent hesitation as if the air was not thick with flying bullets. The General was made the immediate and direct object of sharpshooters' aim for the twenty-fourth time in this short war, and yet escaped with impunity.

Early in the evening, Major Griffin, commanding the Nineteenth Michigan, was mortally wounded through the lungs, and died the next morning. His name was mentioned by the General as that of an officer who had distinguished himself by the display of every quality pertaining to an able leader and fearless soldier. Among others wounded were Major Z. S. Ragan, Seventieth Indiana; Captain McManus, Second Illinois, and Captain Sleeth of the same.

Among the prisoners brought in during the day by the Twenty-third corps, were several from the First Georgia, whose intelligence appeared to be somewhat above the common level, who had come in voluntarily and given themselves up. One, in particular, said he had been long waiting for the opportunity, which had come at last. He lingered in a rifle-pit until he could hang out his handkerchief in front without being discovered by his retreating comrades. He dreaded to have the word conveyed to his friends that he was a deserter. He declared that one half his regiment, and others that he knew, would follow his example were it not for that, and for the fear they have, and which their leaders have sedulously inculcated, that they will be impressed into our armies as soon as they have taken the oath of amnesty. This lying insinuation has been circulated among them, and made to wear some coloring of plausibility from the voluntary enlistments which have, in some

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