previous next

[216] cases taken place among released prisoners, and which the rebels of course, represented to their ignorant followers as involuntary. This prisoner also stated that the rebel authorities were making tremendous prepartions to resist us at the Chattahoochee-employing constantly four thousand negroes upon the fortifications of the opposite bank.

During the sixteenth the Twenty-third corps was advanced about a half mile beyond the strong works they had constructed the night before, and occupied a position running more nearly north and south than the previous one. The great rebel line of works stretches from Lost Mountain in a northeast direction for about two miles, and it was as opposing this and preparing to uncover its exact locality, that the movement was made. But little skirmishing was kept up during the day, as the rebels were falling back slowly, as usual, upon the main stay of fortifications. General Butterfield also got into position in his front eighteen pieces of artillery, and with a remembrance still lingering in his mind of the rebel cannonade of the previous evening, he ordered them to fire by batteries. A few rounds of this sort of pounding effectually silenced the rebels till night. Pretty severe skirmishing took place along the line, killing and wounding about fifty men, most of whom were struck early in the day. The rebel firing was unusually spiteful and effective. Colonel Smith, of the One Hundred and Second Illinois, went out with an escort of ten men to inspect the ground where the cannons were about to be planted, when they opened a volley upon them, killing one man, and wounding several others beside the Colonel; of the whole party of eleven who had gone out, but two returned unhurt.

June 16.--To day I met a very intelligent staff officer, connected with the Fourth corps, who gave me a very accurate narrative of the operations of the Fourth corps from the time it left. Resaca in pursuit of the enemy until its arrival near this point. On starting upon the sixteenth ult., in pursuit of the fleeing enemy from Resaca, the Fourth were given the advance on the line of the railway and the dirt road running parallel to it, which they held all the way to Cassville, and had almost hourly skirmishing with the enemy along the whole route of march. In all these skirmishes the corps fully maintained its well-won name for irresistibility and bravery. On the twentieth it was relieved by the Twentieth corps which took the lead. For ten days and ten nights, a large portion of the corps was under fire, and in all that time were not relieved; yet there was no complaint. The men were cheerful and the officers felt that they were but performing their duty. During the campaign from Ringgold to June first, the whole loss in the corps was three thousand eight hundred and six, in killed, wounded, and prisoners. Only about one hundred and fifteen prisoners were taken from the corps, while the missing is nil.

During the spirited skirmish that took place at Adairsville, the artillery fire of the enemy is represented as having been remarkable. One shell dismounted Colonel T. J. Morgan and Lieutenant-Colonel Fullerton of the corps staff, struck the horses of two of the orderlies and one of the escort, carried one of the bars off the shoulder-strap of Captain Bliss, of General Newton's staff, who was standing near, and finished its work by slightly wounding one of the orderlies.

The battle of Pickett's Mill, on the twenty-seventh, in which Wood's division acted so handsomely, was briefly described by one of your correspondents, but I have learned a few additional facts in which the public may be interested. The ground upon which the enemy had made a stand, and it was believed had heavily fortified, was in a thick and almost inaccessible wood, whose hills of various sizes, and ridges, rose out of the valley in which were deep and swampy ravines, so thickly covered with vines, creepers and undergrowth of various kinds, that they presented barriers of no mean sort to an advance. All the hills were strongly fortified by hastily thrown up works, from behind which, as Wood boldly and gallantly advanced his division, desperate volleys of musketry, grape, shrapnel, and canister were delivered into his ranks, yet the line did not break; for a moment after the shock there was a perceptible wavering along the line, when forward with a cheer the men would rush to meet another volley, equally as deadly in its effects. The enemy were driven from one ridge to another, our serried ranks were closed up, and onward moved the veterans of Wood to the charge. At last a ridge was reached where the enemy was intrenched behind very strong works; from which the fire was most destructive. Five regiments who were on the skirmish line, the Nineteenth Ohio, Seventy-ninth Indiana, Ninth and Seventeenth Kentucky, and the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania, while advancing, came upon a rail fence. The order was given to remove the fence and construct a barricade. Seizing a rail, each of the boys charged up the hill to its crest, with a rail in one hand and gun in the other, and under a deadly fire constructed their barricade, behind which they lay returning the enemy's fire until eleven o'clock at night, when they retired. So desperate was the fighting that in two hours Wood lost four hundred and seventy-five men killed, and seven hundred and eighty-two wounded, or a total of one thousand four hundred and fifty-seven. Trees from four to five inches in diameter were cut down by bullets from the enemy's fire. The Forty-ninth Ohio in this bloody engagement lost two hundred and fifty-two men out of four hundred and seventy-five taken into the battle. All authorities agree that the engagement was the severest of the campaign, and the division led by the stubborn Wood have the full credit of a gallant resistance in a position where most commands would have retired and given up the contest, without disgrace. General Howard is justly

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Thomas J. Wood (4)
A. J. Smith (1)
Newton (1)
Thomas J. Morgan (1)
O. O. Howard (1)
J. S. Fullerton (1)
Daniel Butterfield (1)
Bliss (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
June 16th (1)
June 1st (1)
27th (1)
20th (1)
16th (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: