officers before they had time to get out of their rifle-pits. About seven P. M. the enemy attacked along the whole line, but the heaviest blow was upon Whitaker. Here again our men had an excellent opportunity to display their valor. Lying behind their hastily-thrown up breastworks they met the assault with shot for shot, and handsomely repulsed them. Our losses to-day, in wounded alone, will amount to two hundred in the Fourth corps alone. The Fourteenth corps, on the left, supported, but did no heavy fighting. The Twentieth corps was on the right, but only participated with one of Geary's batteries, and experienced little or no loss. Among the killed and wounded are a number of valuable officers, whose loss will be deeply felt. Colonel Bartleson, of the One Hundredth Illinois. as brave an officer as ever marched at the head of a regiment, who lost an arm at Shiloh, was captured and wounded at Chickamauga, and only a few weeks ago released, fell dead while bravely leading the skirmish line on Wagner's front. Captain Eastman, Ninety-third Illinois, another esteemed officer, was mortally wounded, and breathed his last a few hours after. Captain Bierce, late engineer on General Hazen's staff, was slightly wounded while following the General along the lines. The names of other officers killed and wounded have not yet been obtained. Various and strange as have been the modes suggested to stop guerrilla operations, attacks on railway trains, etc., none seem to have been successful. General Sherman, I believe, deserves the credit of having unravelled the knotty problem of suppressing guerrilla depredations. On our lines of railway between here and Chattanooga guerrillas have become somewhat troublesome, in the way of placing torpedoes on the track. General Sherman was determined to put an end to this cowardly mode of assisting the rebels, and accordingly arrested a number of prominent secession sympathizers along the route, whom he placed in an old box-car, and daily ran them over those portions of the road where torpedoes are supposed to have been placed. These old traitor rapscallions do not enjoy the boon of free railway transit, but the medicine administered has cured guerrillaism effectually. The fighting of General Butterfield's division (Third) on the twenty-second, it turns out, was more severe than at first supposed. It was on the left of the corps, and had as its task to carry and hold a difficult and important hill, or rather ridge. The whole division charged right up the hill as usual, under a severe musketry fire, pushed the rebel skirmishers into their works, approached the latter as nearly as could be done, without needless waste of life (which, with the Twentieth corps, means very close), threw up breastworks “right under the rebels' noses,” all the while under fire, and planting Smith's and Geary's batteries, and training them upon the rebel works, finally dislodged them, and drove them back entirely off the hill. The heaviest loss was suffered in Colonel Coburn's brigade (Second). The entire loss in killed and wounded is estimated at one hundred and forty-six. Early in the day Captain William R. Thomas, of the One Hundred and Fifth Illinois, Assistant Adjutant-General to General Ward, received a severe flesh-wound in the right leg. Captain C. E. Graves, of the Twenty-third Massachusetts, was also slightly wounded in the ankle. The losses suffered by the Twenty-third Indiana, Fifty-fifth Ohio and Twenty-sixth Indiana were particularly severe. The Second division of the Twenty-third corps, moved out a little, on the morning of the twenty-third, from its position of the previous night, sufficiently to pass over the rebel skirmish line, and ascertain the effect of the firing of the Fourteenth Kentucky. In front of this regiment alone, about twenty dead rebels were found unburied. Their own loss, it will be remembered, was but eight in killed. All the rebel wounded had been carried away. One man was found under a tree dreadfully bruised and crushed, and upon looking into the tree above him, traces of blood were discovered on a limb, where he had evidently posted himself to pick off our men at his leisure. After the first slight advance in the morning, the corps lay quiet throughout the day, content to forego the perilous sport of picket-firing, and seek in the shade some relief from the scorching rays of the sun. A single battery in General Geary's division was called into requisition to assist the Fourth corps, and with this exception, the right wing maintained a dignified silence. On the extreme right a portion of the Third division was refused, to assist the “dismounted” in repelling any attempt that might be made by guerrillas upon our populous and ponderous trains in that vicinity; but all apprehensions of attack, in that quarter proved groundless. The extreme of the right wing extends southward to the latitude of Neal Dow, a station on the railroad about three miles below Marietta, and in the morning the sun rises directly on our front. How desperately the rebels cling to Kenesaw, with this long line on their flank, may be seen from this statement. But they can scarcely be blamed. With Kenesaw they abandon the last peak of the great mountain ranges through which they have struggled so long, and where, it was supposed, we would find the key and heart of their strength, and go down into the thick woods of Georgia, where they can no longer see their foe, but must grope in the dark for their via dolorosa to the Gulf. June 25th.--The work of our army to-day amounted to just nothing; during the entire day the contending armies rested in their rifle-pits, and beneath their “pup tents,” contenting themselves with an occasional shot to remind each other that they were still there, and had not evacuated their works. No more noise was caused by the entire army than would be produced
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Table of Contents:
Doc . 16 . operations in Tennessee .
Doc . 19 . the siege of Suffolk, Virginia .
Doc . 36 . General Rousseau 's expedition.
Doc . 59 . battles of Spottsylvania , Va: battle of Sunday , May 8 , 1864 .
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