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Doc. 51. the Chicago Conspiracy.

Official report of General Sweet.

Headquarters Post, camp Douglas, Chicago, ill., November 28, 1864.
Capiain B. T Smith, A. A. G., District Headquarters, Springfield, Ill.:
Captain: I have the honor to respectfully report in relation to the origin, progress and result up to the present time of the late rebel raid for the purpose of releasing the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, taking possession of the city of Chicago, creating an insurrection in and overrunning the States of Illinois and Indiana in aid of the Southern rebellion.

That Jacob Thompson, of Mississippi, Secretary of the Interior during the administration of Mr. Buchanan, went to Windsor, Canada, some time in May or June last, under the assumed name of Captain Carson, and having been supplied [414] by the rebel government with large sums of money for the purpose, commenced operations to organize in Canada an expedition to release rebel prisoners of war at different camps in the North-west, and aid the “Sons of Liberty” with money and arms, to raise an insurrection, especially in the States of Illinois and Indiana, against the Government of the United States.

About the twenty-fifth day of August last an expedition was organized at Toronto, Canada, under the immediate direction of Captain Hines, formerly of Morgan's command, composed of one hundred and fifty to two hundred escaped prisoners and rebel soldiers, accompanied by Colonel G. St. Leger Grenfell, at one time Morgan's Chief of Staff and afterward Inspector-General on the staff of General Bragg; Colonel Vincent Marmaduke, of Missouri; Colonel Ben. Anderson, of Kentucky; Captains Castleman and Cantrell, formerly of Morgan's command, and other rebel officers. This force was armed with pistols at Toronto, divided, and its members, in citizen's dress, came to Chicago, by different routes, in the same trains which brought the thronging thousands who assembled on the twenty-ninth of August to attend the Chicago Convention, and which made it difficult to detect their presence.

It was to have been assisted by large numbers of “Sons of Liberty” and other guerrillas, who came armed to that convention, gathered from Kentucky, Missouri, Indiana and Illinois, and were to be under the immediate command of Brigadier-General Charles Walsh, of the “Sons of Liberty.”

The presence of these officers and men for that purpose was suspected by the Government, and reinforcements were made to the garrison at Camp Douglas, which thwarted the expedition, and its members dispersed, some of the rebel officers and soldiers to Canada, others to Kentucky, and yet others to Southern Indiana and Illinois, and the “Sons of Liberty” and guerrillas to their respective homes, to await a signal for the general uprising which, it was determined, should soon take place in the States of Illinois and Indiana against the Government.

About the first of November another expedition of like character was organized in Canada, to be commanded by Captain Hines, and composed of the same elements as that which had failed at the time of the Chicago Convention. It was determined that the attempt should be made about the period of the Presidential election, and the night of that day was finally designated as the time when the plot should be executed.

During the canvass which preceded the election, the “Sons of Liberty,” a secret organization, within, and beyond all doubt, unknown to the better portion and majority of, the Democratic party, had caused it to be widely proclaimed and believed, that there was an intention on the part of the Government, and great danger that such intention would be carried into effect, to interfere by military force at the polls; against the Democratic party, as an excuse under which to arm themselves, as individuals, and had also obtained and concealed at different places in this city, arms and ammunition for themselves and the rebel prisoners of war, when they should be released.

On the evening of the fifth day of November, it was reported that a large number of persons of suspicious character had arrived in the city from Fayette and Christian counties, in Illinois, and that more were coming.

On Sunday, the sixth day of November, late in the afternoon, it became evident that the city was filling up with suspicious characters, some of whom were prisoners of war, and soldiers of the rebel army; that Captain Hines, Colonel Grenfell, and Colonel Marmaduke were here to lead, and that Brigadier-General Walsh, of the “Sons of Liberty,” had ordered large numbers of members of that order from the southern portion of Illinois, to cooperate with them.

Adopting measures which proved effective to detect the presence and identify the persons of the officers and leaders, and ascertain their plans, it was manifest that they had the means of gathering a force considerably larger than the little garrison, then guarding between eight and nine thousand prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, and that, taking advantage of the excitement and the large number of persons who would ordinarily fill the streets on election night, they intended to make a night attack on and surprise this camp, release and arm the prisoners of war, cut the telegraph wires, burn the railway depots, seize the banks and stores containing arms and ammunition, take possession of the city, and commence a campaign for the release of other prisoners of war in the States of Illinois and Indiana, thus organizing an army to effect and give success to the general uprising so long contemplated by the “Sons of Liberty.”

The whole number of troops for duty at Camp Douglas on that day were as follows:

Eighth regiment Veteran Reserve corps, Lieutenant-Colonel L. C. Skinner, commanding 273
Fifteenth regiment Veteran Reserve corps, Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Flood, commanding 377
Total infantry 650
Twenty-fourth Ohio battery, Lieutenant James W. Gamble, commanding 146
Making a total of 796

to guard eight thousand three hundred and fifty-two prisoners of war confined in the garrison square at this camp, by a fence constructed of inch-boards, twelve feet high.

The election was to take place on Tuesday, the eighth, two days thereafter.

By deferring action till the night of Monday, [415] the seventh instant, probably all the officers and leaders, and many more of the men and arms, of the expedition, might have been captured, and more home rebels exposed; but such delay would have protracted the necessary movements and attending excitement, into the very day of the Presidential election.

The great interests involved would scarcely justify taking the inevitable risks of postponement.

Sending a despatch, dated half-past 8 o'clock P. M., November six, by messenger over the railroad, to Brigadier-General John Cook, commanding the District of Illinois, a copy of which, numbered one, is annexed to, and made a part of this report, the following arrests were made during the night.

Colonel G. St. Ledger Grenfell, and J. T. Shanks, an escaped prisoner of war, at the Richmond House; Colonel Vincent Marmaduke, at the house of Doctor E. W. Edwards, No. seventy Adams street; Brigadier-General Charles Walsh, of the “Sons of Liberty;” Captain Cantrell, of Morgan's command ; and Charles Traverse, rank unknown, probably an officer under an assumed name, at the house of General Walsh; Judge Buckner S. Morris, treasurer of “Sons of Liberty,” at his house, number six Washington street; also capturing at the same time in Walsh's house, about thirty rods from Camp Douglas, arms and ammunition, as per annexed schedule, numbered two. The shot guns were all loaded with cartridges, composed of from nine to twelve largest sized buckshot, and capped. The revolvers, (Joslyn's patent ten inch barrel,) also loaded and capped. Reported to Brigadier-General John Cook, commanding District of Illinois, and Colonel William Hoffman, Commissary-General of Prisoners ,by telegraphic despatch, dated Camp Douglas, November seven, at four o'clock A. M., a copy of which is hereto annexed, numbered three, made a part of this report.

On the morning of Monday, the seventh inst., Colonel John L. Hancock, commanding militia, by order from Governor Yates, reported to me, and Colonel R. M. Hough rapidly organized a mounted force of about two hundred and fifty men, which was armed with the revolvers captured, (from Walsh reported,) and were assigned to duty as patrols in the city of Chicago, remaining on duty till the morning of the ninth.

Captain Bjerg, Military Provost Marshal, Captain William James, Provost Marshal First District of Illinois, the police of the city, and various detachments of this garrison, under different officers, arrested during the day and night of the seventh instant, one hundred and six bushwhackers, guerrillas, and rebel soldiers; among them many of the notorious “Clingman gang,” of Fayette and Christian counties, in this State, with their Captain, Sears, and Lieutenant Garland, all of whom are now in custody at Camp Douglas.

On the eleventh of November forty-seven double-barrelled shot guns, thirty Allen's patent breech-loading carbines, and one Enfield rifle were seized at Walsh's barn, in the city of Chicago.

Finding from investigation that the Sons of Liberty in this city continued to meet and plot, on the night of Sunday, the third of November, Patrick Dooley, secretary of the temple in this city, was arrested, and such papers as had not been destroyed, some of them valuable, as showing the intents and purposes of the organization, seized.

On the night of Monday, November fourteenth, the following named persons, members of the “Sons of Liberty,” were arrested, viz: Obediah Jackson, “Grand Senior,” Charles W. Patten, “Member of State council,” Mr. Fenton, “Tyler” or door-keeper, James Geary, a dangerous member, Richard T. Semmes, nephew to pirate Semmes, Dr. E. W. Edwards, who harbored Colonel Marmaduke, all of whom remain in custody.

On the fifteenth instant a young Englishman, from Canada, under British protection-papers, named Mongham, was arrested, who proves to be a messenger between Jacob Thompson, Captain Hines, Brigadier-General Walsh, and the guerrillas of Colonel Jesse, of Kentucky.

An examination of many of the persons so arrested, show, beyond all doubt, that the “Sons of Liberty” is a treasonable, widely-extended, and powerful organization, touching into almost, if not all, the counties of this State; that it is an organization of two branches, one civil, the other military, the members of the civil being on probation for the military branch; that important secrets in relation to military plans, and the location of the depots for arms, were carefully guarded from persons of civil membership, though even they well knew that the organization had such depots, and was animated with a spirit of intense hostility to the government; that many of its leaders must have known of the intended attack on this camp and city, and that some of them have actually been in consultation face to face with men whom they knew to be rebel officers, conspiring to produce a revolution in the North-west.

A schedule is hereto attached numbered four, which is believed to contain the names of some of the leading and most dangerous men belonging to this organization in the several counties of the State of Illinois.

I respectfully recommend that the officers of the rebel army, and as many of the “Sons of Liberty” and guerrillas above mentioned, as the interests of the Government may require, be tried before a military commission and punished.

I cannot close this report without expressing my conviction that the gratitude of the country is due to the Eighth regiment Veteran Reserve Corps, Lieutenant-Colonel L. C. Skinner commanding; the Fifteenth regiment Veteran Reserve Corps, Lieutenant-Colonel Martin Flood commanding; and the Twenty-fourth Ohio battery, Lieutenant James W. Gamble commanding, [416] which comprised the small garrison at Camp Douglas, during two weeks of severe, and almost unexampled duty. A garrison overworked for months, its officers and enlisted men met the demand for added and wearing duty, necessary to hold harmless the great interests committed to their care, with a cheerful alacrity and steady zeal, deserving the warmest commendations.

Captain John Nelson, and so much of the police of this city as were detailed to act with him, and report to me, executed orders and performed duty with rare fidelity and energy.

Colonel R. M. Hough and the mounted patrol under his command, deserve great credit for promptitude in organization, and duty efficiently performed.

I have the honor to be, Captain,

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

B. J. Sweet, Colonel Commanding.

[No. 1.]

Headquarters Post, camp Douglas, Tremont House, half-past 8 o'clock, P. M., Chicago, Illinois, November 6, 1864.
Brigadier-General John Cook, Springfield, Ill.:
General: I send this despatch by a messenger for two reasons.

First. I am not entirely sure of the telegraph, and the messenger will arrive about as soon as would a telegram.

Second. Though pressed for time, I can explain more fully our circumstances here, and what I propose to do. The city is filling up with suspicious characters, some of whom we know to be escaped prisoners, and others who were here from Canada during the Chicago Convention, plotting to release the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas. I have every reason to believe that Colonel Marmaduke of the rebel army is in the city under an assumed name, and also Captain Hines of Morgan's command, also Colonel G. St. Leger Grenfell, formerly Morgan's Adjutant-General, as well as other officers of the rebel army.

My force is, as you know, too weak and much overworked, only eight hundred men, all told, to guard between eight and nine thousand prisoners. I am certainly not justified in waiting to take risks, and mean to arrest these officers, if possible before morning.

The head gone, we can manage the body. In order to make these arrests perfect, I must also arrest two or three prominent citizens, who are connected with these officers, of which the proof is ample.

These arrests may cause much excitement; I ought to have more force here at once. It seems to me as unwise as it is unsafe to leave a central location like Chicago, with an unarmed rebel army near it, insecurely guarded, especially in times of doubt like these.

I have made repeated representations on this subject, and I am well assured that they have been seconded both at District and Department Headquarters. May I ask that you will again represent our necessities, and urge by telegraph that we be reinforced at once.

I regret that I am not able to consult with you on my proposed action, before acting, without letting an opportunity pass which may never again occur, and which so passing would leave us open to much danger.

It may happen that this action will be delayed till to-morrow night, but probably it will not. I shall telegraph in the morning if anything is done. If I do not telegraph, please give your views for my guidance to this messenger.

I fear the telegraph might notify the parties interested.

I have the honor to be, General,

Very respectfully,

B. J. Sweet, Colonel Commanding Post.
P. S.--I have no time to copy this despatch. Please send me copy for record.

B. J. S.

[No. 2.]

Schedule of arms, ammunition and equipments seized:

142 shot guns, double-barrelled, loaded.
349 revolvers, Joslyn's patent, loaded.
13,412 ball cartridges, cal. 44 and 46.
344 boxes caps.
3 boxes cones, (extra.)
265 bullet moulds, for pistols.
239 cone wrenches, for pistols.
8 bags buck-shot, No. 4.
2 kegs powder, partly filled.
114 holsters for revolvers.
8 belts for holsters.
47 shot guns, double-barrelled.
30 Allen's breech-loading carbines.
1 Enfield rifle.

[No. 3.]

camp Douglas Chicago, ill., Nov. 7--4 o'clock, A. M.
Brigadier-General John Cook, Springfield, Ill.:
Have made during the night the following arrests of rebel officers, escaped prisoners of war, and citizens in connection with them:

Morgan's Adjutant-General, Colonel G. St. Leger Grenfell, in company with J. T. Shanks, an escaped prisoner of war, at Richmond House.

J. T. Shanks, Colonel Vincent Marmaduke, brother of General Marmaduke.

Brigadier-General Charles Walsh, of the “Sons of Liberty ;” Captain Cantrell, of Morgan's command; Charles Traverse (Butternut). Cantrell and Traverse arrested in Walsh's house, in which were found two cart-loads large size revolvers, loaded and capped, two hundred stands of muskets loaded, and ammunition. Also seized two boxes guns concealed in a room in the city. Also arrested Buck. Morris, Treasurer “Sons of Liberty,” having complete proof of his assisting Shanks to escape, and plotting to release prisoners at this camp. [417]

Most of these rebel officers were in this city on the same errand in August last, their plan being to raise an insurrection and release prisoners of war at this camp. There are many strangers and suspicious persons in the city, believed to be guerillas and rebel soldiers. Their plan was to attack the camp on election night. All prisoners arrested are in camp. Captain Nelson and A. C. Coventry of the Police rendered very efficient service.

B. J. Sweet, Colonel Commanding.

(No. 4.)

List of names of prominent members of the “Sons of Liberty” in the several counties of the State of Illinois.

Names. County.
Jas. W. Singleton Adams
Thomas P. Bond Bond
Harry Wilton Bond
Thos. Hunter Bond
Martin Brooks Brown
C. H. Atwood Brown
Fred. Rearick Cass
Allen J. Hill Cass
David Epler Cass
James A. Dick Cass
Saml. Christey Cass
T. J. Clark Champaigne
Jas. Morrow Champaigne
H. M. Vandeveer Christian
J. H. Clark Christian
S. S. Whitehed Clark
H. H. Peyton Clark
Phillip Dougherty Clark
A. M. Christian Clay
Stephen B. Moore Coles
D. Wickersham Cook
G. S. Kimberly Cook
S. Corning Judd Fulton
Charles Sweeney Fulton
L. Walker Hamilton
M. Couchman Hancock
M. M. Morrow Hancock
J. M. Finch Hancock
Dennis Smith Hancock
J. S. Rainsdell Henderson
A. Johnson Henderson
Ira R. Wills Henry
Chas. Durham Henry
Morrison Francis Henry
J. B. Carpenter Henry
J. Osborn Jackson
G. W. Jeffries Jasper
G. H. Varnell Jefferson
Wm. Dodds Jefferson
J. M. Pace Jefferson
James Sample Jersey
O. W. Powell Jersey
M. Y. Johnson Jo. Daviess
David Sheen Jo. Daviess
M. Simmons Jo. Daviess
Louis Shister Jo. Daviess
Thomas McKee Knox
J. F. Worrell McLean
E. D. Wright Menard
Edward Lanning Menard
Robert Halloway Mercer
Robt. Davis Montgomery
Thos. Grey Montgomery
W. J. Latham Morgan
J. O. S. Hays Morgan
J. W. McMillen Morgan
D. Patterson Moultrie
Dr. Keller Moultrie
G. D. Read Ogle
W. W. O'Brien Peoria
Peter Sweat Peoria
Jacob Gale Peoria
P. W. Dunne Peoria
John Butler Peoria
John Francis Peoria
Wm. S. Moore Christian
B. S. Morris Cook
W. C. Wilson Crawford
L. W. Odell Crawford
Dickins Cumberland
J. C. Armstrong Dewitt
C. H. Palmer Dewitt
B. T. Williams Douglas
Amos Green Edgar
R. M. Bishop Edgar
W. D. Latshaw Edwards
Levi Eckels Fayette
Dr. Bassett Fayette
T. Greathouse Fayette
Chas. T. Smith Fayette
N. Simons Ford
Ed. Gill Ford
A. D. Duff Franklin
B. F. Pope Franklin
W. B. Kelly Franklin
A. Perry Fulton
J. H. Philsob Fulton
E. D. Halm Knox
J. M. Nicholson Knox
James Dethridge Knox
E. Elsworth Knox
D. H. Morgan Lawrence
E. D. Norton Logan
A. M. Miller Logan
P. J. Hously Macoupin
Dr. T. M. Hone Madison
H. K. S. O'Melveny Marion
S. R. Carigan Marion
John Burns Marshall
P. M. Janney Marshall
C. M. Baker Marshall
R. Smithson Marshall
J. R. Taggart Marshall
J. Haringhorst Mason
J. S. Chamberlain Mason
J. W. Mathews McDon'h
J. C. Thompson McDon'h
Thos. A. Masteve McDon'h
Wm. H. Neece McDon'h
R. Caswell McLean
J. C. Springer McLean
T. Alexander Putnam
W. H. G. Burney Putnam
H. B. Kays Putnam
E. S. Wilson Richland
J. W. Barrett Sangamon
W. T. Barrett Sangamon
Jacob Epler Sangamon
B. B. Piper Sangamon
W. M. Springer Sangamon
E. Edmonston Schuyler
P. L. Campbell Schuyler
J. Montgomery Schuyler
J. C. Fox Schuyler
J. N. Ward Schuyler
G. W. Mentz Schuyler
F. B. Thompson Shelby
Reuben Ruessier Shelby
W. Friend Wabash
C. Z. Landes Wabash
C. H. Wright Peoria
John Oug Putnam
M. Richardson Shelby
M. Shallenberger Stark
J. B. Smit Stevenson
J. L. Carr Vermillion
John Donlar Vermillion
J. B. McCourtney Warren
N. K. Poeffer Warren
John Hanna Warren
G. W. Aiken Williamson
R. M. Hendley Williamson
C. A. Richardson Woodford

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