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Doc. 85. Major-General Canby's report.


Summary of operations.

headquarters military division West Mississippi, New Orleans, La., October 10, 1864.</
sir: I have the honor to transmit a summary of recent operations.

1. An expedition into West Florida, under command of Brigadier-General Asboth, reached Marianna on the afternoon of the twenty-seventh of September, capturing that place after a stubborn resistance of several hours. The result is the capture of eighty-one prisoners of war (among them a Brigadier-General and a Colonel), ninety-five stand of arms, large quantities of quartermaster's and commissary's stores, over two hundred fine horses and mules, and four hundred head of cattle. Our loss in killed and wounded amounts to thirty-two; of the former, Captain M. M. Young, Seventh Vermont, and Lieutenant E. W. Ayer, Second Maine cavalry; of the latter, General Asboth himself, who had his left cheek-bone broken and his left arm fractured in two places.

2. An expedition sent by Major-General Dana, from Rodney, Mississippi (composed of colored cavalry and infantry), reached Fayette on the second instant, capturing six hundred head of fine cattle, a large number of horses and mules, and several prisoners. Another expedition sent by General Dana attacked the enemy at Woodville at seven o'clock on Thursday morning, capturing three guns, one captain, one lieutenant, fifty-four enlisted men, and killing forty of the enemy. No loss whatever on our side sustained in this engagement.

3. A cavalry expedition under Brigadier-General A. L. Lee, reached Clinton on Thursday morning at seven o'clock, capturing forty-seven prisoners, the rebel mails, telegraph office, &c., and a considerable quantity of stores and ammunition. Among the prisoners captured is Lieutenant-Colonel Pinckney, Provost Marshal General of the district, (installed in his office a few hours before the arrival of our troops), one captain and two lieutenants. From there the expedition moved to Greensburg, where a tannery and two thousand sides of leather were destroyed; and thence to Osyka, where four thousand pounds of bacon, twelve barrels of whiskey one hundred dozen boots and shoes, and large quantities of corn and meal were destroyed, and the telegraph operator and many important despatches captured. Camp Moore, with a large amount of clothing and gray cloth, was likewise destroyed, and over two hundred fine horses and mules captured. General Lee returned to Baton Rouge at noon yesterday, followed by a large number of negroes.

4. Lieutenant I. N. Earl, Fourth Wisconsin cavalry, commanding a special permanent scouting party of twenty-five men, having learned of an intended attempt to cross a valuable rebel mail at St. Joseph, on the western bank of the Mississippi, landed, on Saturday morning last, three miles above that place, proceeded inland about ten miles, where he succeeded in capturing Major Springer, Quartermaster and Chief of the Secret Service of the rebel war department, another Major, late Chief Commissary of Subsistence of the trans-Mississippi department, two captains, and two privates. The officers were riding in an ambulance which contained a large and valuable mail, and fourteen battle-flags, taken from our forces during the Red river campaign, and which were on their way to Richmond. Lieutenant Earl, upon learning that a large mounted escort was close at hand, pushed for the river with all despatch, and reached here this morning, safely, with his captures. The boats found at St. Joseph, and upon which this party were to have crossed, were all destroyed.

General Asboth, I regret to learn, will probably lose an arm.

Very respectfully, sir, your obedient servant,

Ed. R. S. Canby, Major-General Commanding. Major-General H. W. Halleck, Chief of Staff of the Army, Washington, D. C.

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