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Doc. 106. discipline of Southern cavalry.

headquarters cavalry division, Valley District, June 23, 1864.
General Order, No. 1.

The following directions for the march of this command will hereafter be strictly observed:

Before the march begins on each morning, the rolls of each company will be called after mounting, and the Adjutant of each regiment will keep a list of the names of all deserters.

Before dismounting at camp in the evening, the rolls will again be called, and the brigade commanders will report to these headquarters the number of men absent at each roll-call.

The habitual order of march will be in column of “fours,” but on narrow roads by “twos.” The distance between the head of one brigade and the rear of the other will be two hundred yards.

When artillery and ambulances accompany the brigade, those assigned to each brigade will follow immediately in rear of their brigades.

During the march the brigades in rear will regulate their movements by those in front.

Regular halts will be made during the march, and neither officers nor men will leave the column except at such halts, unless by the written consent of the brigade commander, and such permission will not be granted unless for important reasons.

Brigade, regimental, and company commanders will pass frequently from front to rear of their respective commands, to see that the column is at all times well closed up.

Brigades will alternate in the march daily. A rear-guard will be placed behind each brigade, and no person except staff officers or couriers will be permitted to fall behind such guard.

All the wagons of this division will march together, under the direction of the division quartermaster.

The quartermasters of the command will constantly accompany their respective trains. One man, dismounted, when practicable, will go with each wagon to assist the driver. He will remain with the wagon. No other parties will be permitted with the train, except when a guard shall be necessary. The quartermasters will be held responsible that no others accompany the wagons. No other wagons or conveyances than those allowed from army headquarters will be allowed.

Upon reaching camp, officers and men must remain in their camps, and commanders will establish proper camp guards.

Immediately upon fixing the headquarters of the brigade, the commanders will report their locality to division headquarters.

The utmost order and perfect quiet will be preserved upon the march and in camp. The silly practice of whooping and hallooing is strictly forbidden.

Destruction of the fences and crops of the farmers is positively prohibited, and such outrages will be paid for from the pay of the officers of the command nearest where such depredations may he committed.

Greatest care must be taken of ammunition. Not a cartridge must be fired unnecessarily, An important campaign is commenced, and upon its results depends more than we can estimate.

The Major-General commanding asks and expects from every man of his command a hearty and cheerful compliance with orders, assuring all that they shall reap and enjoy the full fruits of whatever their labors and privations may obtain.

By command of Major-General Ransom:

Walter K. Martin, A. A. G. Brigadier-General Ned McCausland, Commanding Brigade.

headquarters cavalry division, June 24, 1864.
General Order, No. 2.

The following act of Congress, approved June first, 1864, is published for the information of this command:

The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact that the commanding General of any army in the field shall have the power to direct the dismounting of any non-commissioned officer or officers, soldier or soldiers, in the cavalry service in his command, and to place him or them in the infantry, who shall misbehave before the enemy, or shall be guilty of wasting, spoliating, or appropriating to his use any private property, or doing any violence to any citizen.

Sec. 2. That the horses belonging to persons so dismounted, and which they may have in the service, may be taken for the use of the army, and the appraised value thereof shall be paid to the owner.

This will be read at least three times at the head of each company in the command.

By command of Major-General Ransom:


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