to the front, with my command, to report to Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin of the Eighth Illinois cavalry. He ordered me to move to the extreme front, and turn out my men, which I did. I remained in position all day; at dusk I was relieved by a regiment of the Sixth corps, with orders to feed my horses, and procure rations for my men. I met General Tyler on the road, who ordered me to move out on the Buckeystown road and feel the enemy. I moved out about five (5) miles, and was moving on when I was ordered back to Frederick. I arrived there about twelve o'clock at night, and, in conjunction with the Eighth Illinois cavalry, brought up the rear guard to the Monocacy junction; from there I was ordered to move up the Monocacy river one mile, to the Baltimore pike bridge, to a ford and hold it. I was also requested to assist the Colonel of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio, one hundred (100) days' men, to hold the bridge. I arrived at the ford and drove the rebels off, placed my men in position, and then returned to assist the Colonel to hold his position, which, at that time, was being hard pressed. The rebels made a charge on the left of the line, and drove the left in, within one hundred yards of the bridge. I immediately rode up and rallied the men, and drove the enemy back, captured some prisoners, and retook the old ground. I then assisted Colonel Brown to establish the line, and he threw his whole force over. The position was a very good one; the enemy tried hard to take it, but at every point were driven back; my men on the extreme left held their position, and were not troubled by the enemy. I relieved all my mounted men and placed a company of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio in their old position; took my command to the bridge for the purpose of holding it until our forces fell back on the Baltimore pike. General Tyler requested me to draw the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio over the Monocacy bridge, as soon as possible. I reported the intention of the General to Colonel Brown, and started to carry out the order. The men commenced moving to the bridge, and were crossing; the enemy arrived in force on the opposite side, and attacked our men on the left flank. I pushed all the men over I could, and when I started to cross I found the rebels in strong force in my front; and when I started to move to the rear, found it impossible to move in that direction. The rebels were coming in rear and on all flanks; the way open was up the river, and I started in that direction, the rebels closing in in all directions. I could not strike the ford, and was compelled to ride my horse down a very steep bluff into the river. I crossed the river, and directed the officer commanding a company of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Ohio in what direction to move. He commenced moving before I left. and I have since been informed that he is now in the city with his command. I started to the point where I had left my men to cover my crossing over the bridge, but found all had gone, and the rebels in possession of the ground. I met a few men of the Eighth Illinois cavalry, and took to the woods at twelve (12) o'clock at night. I arrived on the Baltimore pike two (2) miles this side of New Market, and found that the enemy had not been on the road further than New Market. I brought up the rear guard, with eight men, to one mile on the other side of Ridgeville, and there met my command. I reported to Lieutenant-Colonel Clendenin for orders; he ordered me to act in conjunction with himself in bringing up the rear of our forces. I must here state that Captain Allen, of the One Hundred and Fifty-ninth Ohio, mounted infantry, repelled the rebel cavalry, killing six (6) and wounding quite a number. The enemy did not follow after he drove them back. At Ellicott's Mills I threw out pickets and remained under General Ricketts' orders. I sent out small parties to scout the country to the right, rear, and left, and drove the rebel cavalry back on the different roads. I sent Captain Allen out on the Elysville road six miles. He came up in the rear of a few rebel cavalrymen, killed two, and wounded the officers in command. All that could be found on my flank were a few rebel cavalry. On Monday evening, the eleventh, I was ordered to bring up the rear of General Ricketts' division, and move to Baltimore on the pike. I arrived in the city about seven (7) o'clock in the evening, and immediately reported to the commanding officer for orders, and was ordered to go into Camp Carroll, and rest my men and horses. In conclusion I am pleased to state that Captain Allen did all in his power to assist me in carrying out my orders. All the orders I gave he promptly carried out, and to my entire satisfaction. I am pleased to state that the mounted men under my command did well, more than I expected from men that have been in the service so short a time, and not used to riding. The whole time I was absent I could not find time to procure forage for my horses, and rations for my men. Not a man complained, all stood the hard marches like faithful soldiers, and in battle I cannot find fault with one of my men; all did well I arrived in the city with sixty-six (66) men; I left with ninety-eight (98) privates and two officers; since that time all had returned except ten; a few of my horses were shot, and I could not bring them off the field with me. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
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Table of Contents:
Doc . 16 . operations in Tennessee .
Doc . 19 . the siege of Suffolk, Virginia .
Doc . 36 . General Rousseau 's expedition.
Doc . 59 . battles of Spottsylvania , Va: battle of Sunday , May 8 , 1864 .
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