thirty days, as well as the good conduct and endurance of his command, are worthy of the highest commendation. For the details of his operations I respectfully refer to his report herewith. On the thirtieth of April I received notice of the final capitulation of the rebel forces east of the Chattahoochee, and the next day, by the hands of Colonel Woodall, the order of the Secretary of War annulling the first armistice, directing the resumption of hostilities and the capture of the rebel chiefs. I had been previously advised of Davis' movements, and had given the necessary instructions to secure a clue to the route he intended following, with the hope of finally effecting his capture. I directed General Upton to proceed in person to Augusta, and ordered General Winslow, with the Fourth division, to march to Atlanta for the purpose of carrying out the terms of the convention, as well as to make such a disposition of his forces, covering the country northward from Forsyth to Marietta, so as to secure the arrest of Jefferson Davis and party. I directed General Croxton, commanding the First division, to distribute it along the line of the Ocmulgee, connecting with the Fourth division, and extending southward to this place. Colonel Minty, commanding the Second division, was directed to extend his troops along the line of the Ocmulgee and Altamaha rivers as far as Jacksonville. General McCook, with about five hundred men of his division, was sent to Tallahassee, Florida, with orders to receive the surrender of the rebels in that State, and to watch the country to the north and eastward.In addition to this, troops from the First and Second divisions were directed to watch the Flint river crossings, and small parties were stationed at the principal railroad stations from Atlanta to Eufaula, as well as at Columbus and West Point and Talladega. By these means I confidently expected to arrest all large parties of fugitives and soldiers, and by a thorough system of scouts hoped to obtain timely information of the movements of important personages. The pursuit and capture of Jefferson Davis have already been reported. A. H. Stephens, vice-president, Mr. Mallory, secretary of the navy to the rebel Government, and B. H. Hill, senator from Georgia, were arrested by General Upton's command, and sent forward in accordance with the instructions of the Secretary of War. By reference to the reports herewith, it will be seen that since leaving the Tennessee river, the troops under my command have marched an average of five hundred and twenty-five miles in twenty-eight days, captured five fortified cities, twenty-three stands of colors, two hundred and eighty-eight pieces of artillery, and six thousand eight hundred and twenty prisoners, including five generals; have captured and destroyed two gunboats, ninety-nine thousand stands of small arms, seven iron-works, seven foundries, seven machine-shops, two rolling-mills, five collieries, thirteen factories, four nitre works, one military university, three Confederate States arsenals and contents, one navy-yard and contents, one powder magazine and contents, one naval armory and contents, five steamboats, thirty-five locomotives, five hundred and sixty-five, cars, three railroad bridges, two hundred and thirty-five thousand bales of cotton, and immense quantities of quartermaster and commissary and ordnance stores, of which no account could be taken; and have paroled fifty-nine thousand eight hundred and seventy-eight prisoners, including six thousand one hundred and thirty-four commissioned officers. Our total loss was thirteen officers and eighty-six men killed, thirty-nine officers and five hundred and fifty-nine men wounded, and seven officers and twenty-one men missing. I cannot close this report without calling attention to the remarkable discipline, endurance, and enthusiasm displayed throughout the campaign. Men, officers, regiments, brigades, and divisions, seemed to vie with each other in the promptitude and cheerfulness with which they obeyed every order. The march from Montgomery to this place, a distance of two hundred and fifteen miles, was made between the fourteenth and twentieth of April, and involving the passage of the Chattahoochee river at two important points, both strongly fortified and well defended, is especially worthy of notice. The destruction of iron-works, foundries, arsenals, supplies, ammunition, and provisions in Alabama and Georgia, as well as the means of transporting the same, to both the armies under Taylor and Johnson, was an irreparable blow to the rebel cause. The railways converging at Atlanta, and particularly those by which the immense supplies of grain and meat were drawn from South-Western Georgia and central Alabama, were firmly under our control. The final collapse of the entire Southern Confederacy east of the Mississippi became simply a question of time. Fully appreciating the damage already done, I had determined to make a thorough destruction, not only of them, but of everything else beneficial to the rebels which might be encountered on the march to North Carolina and Virginia. It will be remembered that my corps began the march from the Tennessee river with something more than twelve thousand mounted men, and one thousand five hundred dismounted. When it arrived here every man was well mounted, and the command supplied with all the surplus animals that could be desired. I have already called attention in a previous communication to the great merit of Brevet Major-General Upton and Brigadier-General Long, commanding divisions, and Brigadier-General Croxton, Brevet Brigadier-Generals Winslow and Alexander, and Colonels Minty, Miller, arid La Grange, commanding brigades. I have seen these officers tested in every conceivable
This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
Doc . 16 . operations in Tennessee .
Doc . 19 . the siege of Suffolk, Virginia .
Doc . 36 . General Rousseau 's expedition.
Doc . 59 . battles of Spottsylvania , Va: battle of Sunday , May 8 , 1864 .
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.