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[676] works, well manned and defended with men and artillery, have been stormed and captured by a single line of men without support.

In consequence of the heavy details from my brigade I had only forty-two officers and eight hundred and fourteen men engaged in the action. Of this number we had one officer and twenty-eight enlisted men killed, and eighteen officers and one hundred and thirty seven men wounded. To Colonel J. G. Vail, commanding Seventeenth Indiana volunteers, Lieutenant-Colonel E. Kitchell, commanding Ninety-Eighth Illinois volunteers, and Lieutenant-Colonel Jonathan Biggs, commanding One Hundred and Thirty-third Illinois volunteers, my heartfelt thanks are due for their gallant conduct and their aid and assistance throughout the entire engagement. Lieutenant-Colonel Biggs deserves great credit for his efforts to bring every man possible into action, leaving only one in eight with his horses. I regret to state that this officer was dangerously wounded after crossing the works, and while charging the woods between the works and the city. The ground over which the One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois volunteers and left of the Ninety-eighth Illinois volunteers advanced was more favorable than the rest, and they were first inside of the rebel works.

The One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois volunteers has the honor of planting the first stand of colors on the fortifications. My thanks are due to Lieutenant-Colonel C. G. Thomson, commanding Seventy-second Indiana volunteers, and the officers and men of his command, for the able manner in which they repulsed an attack upon our rear while the engagement was going on, and for the support given our battery by the company that was formerly placed in reserve. Great credit is due the officers of my staff for their assistance throughout the engagement. Lieutenant H. M. Ashmore, One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois volunteers, and aide-de-camp, deserves commendation for going through the action on horseback, and being the first person to enter the rebel works mounted.

For full particulars of captures, &c., I would respectfully refer you to the reports of regimental commanders, and to Colonel J. G. Vail, who assumed command of the brigade after it entered the works, and he was notified of my being wounded.

I have the honor to be, Captain, very respectfully your obedient servant,

A. O. Miller, Colonel Seventy-second Indiana Volunteers, Commanding Brigade.

headquarters First brigade, Second division, cavalry corps, M. D. M., Selma, Ala., April 7, 1865.
Captain — I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by this brigade after I assumed command of it on the evening of the second instant:

On being notified that Colonel Miller was wounded and desired me to take command of the brigade, I turned over the command of my own regiment to Lieutenant-Colonel Frank White, and found the other two regiments, the Ninety-eighth and One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois Volunteers, near the left flank of the inner line of works which run east and west. With the Second brigade we moved along the line of these works under a heavy cross fire of artillery and musketry from the works along the line and the depot in front of the town until we reached the Plantersville road, where I formed a line facing the town. I placed Lieutenant-Colonel Kitchell with his regiment, the Ninety-eighth Illinois volunteers, along the line of fence in front of the nitre sheds, and to the left of the railroad depot, with orders to hold his ground until I could get into line to advance upon the town. I formed the One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois volunteers across the Plantersville road, and a portion of the Second brigade that was with it on the left. The Fourth division coming up at this time several shots were exchanged between us, when I rode out of the works to ascertain who they were, and met General Upton's column. Colonel Minty coming up, I was ordered to remain in position on the Ninety-eighth Illinois volunteers. I went into camp at twelve o'clock at night. The Seventeenth Indiana volunteers had been operating along the line below the town, and entered it about the same time with General Upton. As they were not under my personal directions during the latter part of the engagement, I would respectfully refer you to the report of Lieutenant-Colonel White for particulars of their operation.

My thanks are due all the officers and men for their gallantry. Lieutenant-Colonel Kitchell, commanding Ninety-eighth Illinois volunteers, and Captains Wiley, Wood, and DeLong, One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois volunteers, are deserving of special mention for their promptness and acts of bravery. Captain Wiley with a squad of men captured about twenty prisoners and two pieces of artillery three hundred yards in advance of the line and east of the Plantersville road. Lieutenant-Colonel Thompson and Major L. S. Kilburn, Seventy-second Indiana volunteers, are deserving of credit for their promptness in supporting the battery with that portion of the regiment not on picket.

Captain O. F. Bane, Lieutenant H. M. Ashmore, and Lieutenant G. B. Sweet, of Colonel Miller's staff, are entitled to great credit for their promptness in the discharge of their duties and for their courage. Captain W. A. Owens, Provost Marshal, is entitled to credit for his energy and industry in collecting prisoners. Captain John C. Scott, brigade inspector, did good service during the action by giving his personal attention to the pickets when they were attacked. I would especially commend Sergeant Jackson S. Ball, Seventy-second Indiana volunteers, on duty at brigade headquarters, for his bravery in riding under a terrific fire to bring me the news of Colonel Miller being


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