to have a section in readiness at midnight to accompany an expedition that was to be sent out. This section was furnished under command of Lieutenant Griffin, returning to Selma, after an absence of twenty-four hours, having marched about forty miles. On the afternoon of April eighth I crossed the Alabama river with my battery, and encamped with the division on the road leading to Montgomery and five miles from Selma. On the evening of the ninth, in obedience to the orders of the Colonel commanding, I proceeded with one section of my battery to the Alabama river, at a point some six miles above Selma, with instructions to watch for and prevent any boats passing down the river. On the morning of the tenth I was ordered back to my encampment, not having had occasion to use my guns, and shortly afterwards resumed the march in connection with the division toward Montgomery, encountering very bad roads, and camping at eight o'clock P. M. near Benton. Resuming the march on the eleventh found the roads at times almost impassable, requiring much labor of pioneer character,keeping the command up and on the road all of that night. Continued the march during the twelfth, and camped at Catoma creek. On the morning of the thirteenth I marched my battery in connection with the division through Montgomery, camping seven miles east of it. On the fourteenth the march was resumed toward Columbus, Georgia, at which place the command arrived on the seventeenth, from thence to Macon, Georgia, where it arrived on the evening of April twentieth. In view of the fact of the division commander being always in the immediate vicinity of the command, I can hardly feel justified in making so lengthy a report, and any report of the operations and movements of my battery would seem to be almost unnecessary. It will be observed that this battery has marched in twenty-one days upwards of six hundred miles, varying from twenty-two to forty-nine miles each day, or at an average of about thirty-miles, which in consideration of the very bad condition of the roads for a large part of this distance, I consider almost unprecedented in the movements of artillery. I am, Captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
headquarters Seventh Pennsylvania cavalry, April 9, 1865.Major — I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken in the engagement of the second instant in front of Selma, Alabama: The regiment went into action with three field and staff officers, ten line officers, and three hundred and fifty-three enlisted men. We formed on the left of the brigade, covering the Summerfield road. As we advanced the enemy from his entrenchments poured deadly volleys into our ranks, but without a check the works in our front were carried, and the rebels driven in confusion before us. Portions of Companies “E and I,” led by Lieutenant Sigmund (who was killed just at the moment of victory), were among the first to enter the works taking possession of a fort with one piece of artillery, caissons, and twelve prisoners. We followed closely after the discomfited enemy, but a dense and swampy woods prevented our inflicting much damage. Emerging from the timber we found the rebels under shelter of some interior works, cotton bales and old buildings. They were soon flying from this point, and we were in possession of six additional pieces of artillery, including one thirty-pounder and one twelve-pounder Parrott, with many prisoners. At this juncture we were directed by Colonel Minty, commanding division, to halt and reform, and were afterwards held in reserve. The forts containing the Parrott gun mounted seven, others which were taken by the men of the Seventh Pennsylvania and Fourth Ohio, but are not included in the capture of this regiment. Sergeant Seigfaeid, Company “F,” was the first in the fort, followed closely by Sergeant Bickel, Company “I,” with the regimental colors, Sergeant John Ennis, standard bearer, having fallen mortally wounded in the charge on the outer works. In the work most of the gunners were taken with their pieces. The regiment captured one hundred and ninety-eight prisoners, seven pieces of artillery, and two hundred and forty-muskets and rifles; the latter were destroyed on the field. Our casualties were one line officer killed, one field officer and three line officers wounded, one enlisted man killed, and forty-seven wounded. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
J. F. Andress, Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding Regiment.
headquarters one hundred and twenty-Third Illinois volunteers, Selma, Ala., April 6, 1865.Captain — I have the honor to transmit you a report of the part taken in the fight with General Forrest, at Mapleville station, on the afternoon of the first instant, and in the assault and capture of Selma, on the evening of the second instant, by the One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois volunteers, mounted infantry. Early in the afternoon of the first instant, after our scouts and advance guard had skirmished for some twenty miles with two or three battalions of rebels, killing, wounding, and capturing some along the whole route, on reaching Mapleville station, on the Selma railroad, the enemy was found in considerably stronger force; and as our advance guard had been temporarily repulsed, our brigade was ordered forward, dismounted in line, One Hundred and Twenty. third Illinois occupying the right centre of the brigade. We advanced through the woods a mile or more, reaching a slough over which