some mountainous country, frequently having to put eight mules to a wagon. On one very high hill was assisted by Captain Coe, Assistant Quartermaster, Second division, sending thirty span of mules to help us up. The men being along with the wagons were much assistance to them, frequently helping to push the wagons all the way up the hill. Twenty-fourth. Train was escorted by the Fourth Ohio cavalry. After getting over the hill, the roads began to get better; passed through Frankfort, Russelville, and overtook the army at Cedar creek, having travelled about twenty-three miles that day. Twenty-fifth. Procured all the forage that could be taken on the train. After travelling about ten miles the train of the Second division, and the pontoon train, stuck in the mud, and the pioneers and the pontoniers were at work all night making corduroy roads. By morning, the twenty-sixth, the road was made passable; travelled about twelve miles by one and a half o'clock at night, when we came to a swamp that was almost impassable. The Second division train was mired in it. The men worked almost all night; they were becoming much fatigued, but the work was carried on with energy until the road was completely corduroyed across the swamp; made twelve miles that day. Twenty-seventh. Roads were some better, until we passed into Walker county, when we began to come to swamps again; the mules were becoming much fagged, the loads being evidently too heavy for the bad roads. This night the train got mired at one o'clock A. M., it having been the third night that the mules were not unharnessed, and that the men had no sleep. Made about one and one-quarter mile of corduroy road, and threw off about one and one-half of the lumber of kind that could be procured in the country ; made sixteen miles. Twenty-eighth. Reached Jasper at one o'clock, making eight miles by one o'clock P. M. Twenty-ninth. Travelled about thirteen miles against twelve o'clock M., and arrived at Black Warrior river. Thirtieth. Crossed the river without loss, although the water was swift, the bottom very uneven, and the wagons on both sides had to be letdown and drawn up by the assistance of men with ropes. Travelled seven miles to Little Warrior river, raining incessantly. The road was much cut up by the main force of cavalry that had gone ahead, leaving us behind on the twenty-fifth, with an escort of cavalry and dismounted men. Thirty-first March. Laid a pontoon bridge of eleven boats, and put two tressles in all the trains belonging to the army, crossed also the escort, took the bridge up in an hour, looking for an attack from the north side of the river, while we were raising it, and travelled four miles. Roads some firmer but hilly and rocky; arrived at Elyton at ten A. M., April second, having made twenty miles. Since early the morning before, travelled eight miles south of Elyton, and encamped, making seventeen miles. Third April. Arrived at the Cahawba river, and laid a pontoon bridge across it, which took seven boats and one tressle, both men and officers working energetically, laying the bridge in one hour and a quarter, and taking it up after all had crossed in three quarters of an hour, and travelled twenty miles same day, passing one mile south of Montevallo. Fourth. The advance guard was attacked by militia and guerillas but were repulsed without any loss; fears were entertained that a general attack on the train would be made, but fortunately we were that evening re-enforced by the Second brigade, First division, under command of Brevet Brigadier-General Alexander, having travelled twenty-seven miles. Fifth. Roads good; made sixteen miles, encamped early, plenty of forage, foraging parties capturing quite a number of mules, and supplying the place of those giving out. Sixth. Reached Selma at eleven o'clock A. M., twelve miles that morning, having travelled the distance of about two hundred and twenty-seven miles in seventeen days. April seventh and eighth. Laid a bridge across the Alabama river, finishing three P. M. Eighth, having put in forty-six pontoons, thirty canvas and sixteen wooden, also two very large barges on the north side, and one on the south, the distance across being about seven hundred feet (700); about nine P. M., eighth, the bridge was broke into in the centre by drift wood; we immediately set to work to repair it, and had it ready for crossing by two P. M. Ninth. When about two regiments had crossed, two wooden pontoons sank; the weight of the bridge being too great for it to bear, it gave way in the centre and swung around. By this time the pontoniers were very much fatigued, a large detail was made to assist, and the bridge was drawn back to its place, making a gap of only about fifty feet; this was soon repaired and made substantial, consequently we got a night's rest, the first for three nights. Tenth. The pontoon train was across by nine A. M., footmen and stragglers by ten A. M., when we immediately commenced taking up the bridge, scuttling all the barges, wooden pontoons, also eighteen of the canvas pontoons, and destroying thirty wagons and harness, and mounting the pontoniers, that heretofore had been on foot, on the surplus mules. Left Selma at two o'clock P. M., tenth, and travelled all day and night, making only about ten miles, the roads being so intolerably bad. Eleventh. Travelled to Cypress creek, about twelve miles; found it deep, put in a bridge of four boats. Twelfth. Crossed, took up the bridge and travelled twenty miles. Roads some better. Thirteenth. Arrived at Montgomery and passed it seven and a half miles, making about twenty-eight miles. Fourteenth. Moved forward at three o'clock
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Table of Contents:
Doc . 16 . operations in Tennessee .
Doc . 19 . the siege of Suffolk, Virginia .
Doc . 36 . General Rousseau 's expedition.
Doc . 59 . battles of Spottsylvania , Va: battle of Sunday , May 8 , 1864 .
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