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[705] Jasper. The skies had shown symptoms of rain since noon, and now it began to fall. It continued to rain during the whole night; Corps headquarters camped on the north bank of the stream. Jasper, through which we passed at noon, is a large village of from four to five thousand inhabitants; has a court-house and a jail. The road thence to Black Warrior was firm and good. On arriving at that stream we found that General Upton had already crossed it at the ford with all his troops and most of his wagons. This fork of the Black Warrior was at this point about one-eighth of a mile wide, with a depth ranging from one to three or four feet, and a very rapid current. The bottom was very rocky and uneven, and the banks on each side very precipitous.

March twenty-eighth. The weather was very damp and disagreeable. The greater part of the day was taken up in getting the troops and wagon trains over the river. Many horses lost their footing, and many men were dismounted, but none were drowned. We crossed the Locust fork of the Black Warrior at the ford, at four o'clock P. M. This stream is deeper than the Mulberry fork, but not so wide nor so rapid. The distance between the two forks is eight and a half miles. The country between them is barren and thinly settled. The people are very ignorant and poor, but of Union proclivities. General Wilson camped at night on south bank of this fork.

March twenty-ninth. The day was occupied in getting the First and Second divisions over the Locust fork of the Black Warrior river. General Wilson remained in camp all day. Captain Brown, Acting Chief Quartermaster, was ordered to take charge of corps trains. Weather rainy.

March thirtieth. Started on the road to Elyton at half-past 6, weather cloudy but cold, rain had ceased to fall. The main road was found to be very muddy. We arrived at Elyton at one o'clock P. M., a distance of twenty miles, having crossed Black creek on our way at Lamson's flour mills. These mills were burned. The country had now begun to assume a more fertile and cultivated appearance. Elyton is a very pretty village of from three to four thousand inhabitants. The route on which we had hitherto come since leaving Chickasaw had been south-easterly from Elyton until we arrived at Selma. We now advanced due south. The First brigade of the First division was detached from the command at this point, and ordered to proceed to Tuscaloosa and destroy the government works there. Large iron works six miles south of Elyton were burned. We arrived at night on the banks of the Cahawba river, fifteen miles from Elyton. The railroad bridge had fortunately been left uninjured, and was easily fixed to allow the crossing of trains. The last four miles of the road were very rough and muddy.

March thirty-first. Fine drizzling rain fell early in the morning; weather cleared after sunrise. The railroad bridge across the Cahawba was a quarter of a mile long, and had been planked the day before by General Upton. The Cahawba river is at this point an eighth of a mile broad and is quite deep. The crossing would have been troublesome had the bridge been burned. Large iron works half a mile from the river were burned. Arrived at Montevallo at eleven o'clock A. M., distance fourteen miles from Cahawba; road was good; the country was wooded, but the forests now different in character from those through which we had hitherto passed, there being some oak mixed with the pines. The soil, though still sandy, is now more fertile than that north of Elyton. Montevallo is a village of two thousand inhabitants, but was nearly deserted on our entrance. General Upton had his headquarters there, and was now awaiting our approach. The rebels were now reported for the first time to be in advance of us in some force. They were charged by the Third Iowa, and dispersed with the loss of twenty prisoners. Left Montevallo on road to Selma at three o'clock P. M. General Long advanced with the Second division on the road to Randolph. to the right of the main road to Selma. General Upton kept the main road. There was continued skirmishing with the rebels, but they were unable to check our advance in the slightest degree. We went into camp twelve miles from Montevallo, at half-past 7 o'clock P. M. There had been during the day several men wounded and one or two killed.

April first. Marched at an early hour at Randolph, a small village seventeen miles from Montevallo. General McCook was ordered with the Second brigade of the First division to take the road to Centerville, and to co-operate with General Croxton against Jackson, who was reported to be on Tuscaloosa and Centerville road with four thousand men. General Long on the right and Upton on the left had a brilliant fight with the rebels under Forrest in person, defeating them with severe loss. There were captured from the enemy three pieces of artillery and three hundred prisoners, and there were besides quite a number killed. The loss on our side was forty wounded and twelve killed. Arrived at Plantersville after a march of twenty-six miles, at six o'clock P. M. Headquarters of corps at house of Mrs. Discoe; a quantity of rebel “hard tack” and some forage bags were found in the depot.

April second. A hospital was established in the village church for the reception of the sick and wounded. Assistant Surgeon J. A McGraw, United States volunteers, was ordered to remain in charge with Assistant Surgeon Done, Seventeenth Indiana mounted infantry, and Assistant Surgeon Maxwell of the Third Iowa cavalry, as assistants. There were left in the hospital forty wounded and eighteen sick, together with a sufficient number of nurses. The depot was burned, together with a storehouse containing cotton. The command then moved on toward Selma, twenty-one miles distant. The Fourth and Second divisions arrived

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