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[706] in front of Selma at two o'clock in the afternoon, and at sundown a simultaneous attack was made along the whole line. Forrest was in command of the rebels in person, and endeavored to defend the city, but without success. Our troops took the breastworks by assault and entered the city. In the confusion resulting from the night attack, a large number of stores were plundered and burned. In the morning, however, order was again restored. Our loss was killed, four officers and thirty-five enlisted men, wounded twenty-four officers and twenty-two enlisted men. Among the killed was Colonel Dobb; Brigadier-General Long was severely wounded in the head while leading the assault; we captured twenty-three hundred prisoners, a large number of small arms and cannon, and the workshops and arsenals which supplied the armies of the West with ammunition of all kinds. Forrest escaped with his escort of one hundred men, and retreated toward Plantersville. On his way he came across a party of Federals asleep in a neighboring field under command of Lieutenant Roys, of the Fourth United States cavalry and Lieutenant Mullen. He charged on them in their sleep, and refusing to listen to their cries of surrender, killed or wounded the entire party, numbering twenty-five men.

April third. The day was spent in restoring order in Selma. The Second brigade of the First division, which had been unsuccessful in its attempts to unite with the First brigade, was ordered back to protect the wagon trains. Forrest arrived at Plantersville on his retreat, and captured the hospital, which had been left without a guard. He paroled all the nurses and slightly wounded men, and left the surgeons and patients unmolested. A corps hospital was established in Selma for our wounded.

April fifth. A party of the Second division went to Cahawba and recaptured several of our prisoners confined there.

April sixth. Wagon train arrived at Selma. Arsenals and government warehouses destroyed by fire.

April seventh. Negroes gathered together to be organized into three regiments, one for each division. Sick and wounded were brought in ambulances from Plantersville and put in corps hospital. General Wilson met Forrest on the Cahawba river under a flag of truce. It was determined to take along on the march all the sick and wounded whose situation would permit of it, and to leave only such as were very ill or badly wounded. Engineers were busily engaged in building a pontoon bridge over the Alabama river. The Alabama river is at this point about five hundred yards wide. It has a very rapid current, and a depth that admits of navigation by steamboats of considerable size. Selma is situated on its north bank. It is or was a beautiful city of fifteen thousand inhabitants, containing many fine residences and large government workshops. Its loss to the rebels can hardly be estimated.

April ninth. It had been determined to move to-day toward Montgomery, but the pontoon bridge broke for the second time, and prevented the whole command from crossing until late in the night. Camped on the south side of the river. Left in hospital at Selma sixty-eight patients under charge of Surgeon Larkins and Assistant Surgeon Raley, Tenth Missouri cavalry. Rations for forty days were left with them, as also plenty of medicines and other supplies.

April tenth. Began our march to Montgomery. Forrest had refused to acknowledge any paroles, and General Wilson accordingly ordered all prisoners to be brought along under guard. The citizens, however, and some of the militia were paroled. Weather was good, although the roads were muddy from recent rains. Surgeon Carter, Third Iowa cavalry, was ordered to take charge of the hospital train. This train was composed of the ambulances belonging to the corps, together with a number of wagons properly fitted up with beds and blankets. We marched fifteen miles to the village of Benton, and camped there during the night. Benton is a small village of no particular importance.

April eleventh. Began to march at six o'clock A. M.; skies cloudy and threatening rain. Our route since leaving Selma has been due east on the road to Montgomery, south of the Alabama river; one mile from Benton we passed through a swamp a mile long. The road was very bad, and almost impassable for wagons. After leaving the swamp, however, we found the roads to be smooth and dry, leading over a rolling country. Thirteen miles from Benton the columns passed through the village of Lawnsboro. This village is one of the most beautiful that we have yet passed through. It is built up of large, elegant mansions, and is inhabited by rich planters. It has a population of about one thousand five hundred. Small-pox was raging furiously, and in some families had attacked all the members. We here received news of the fall of Richmond. Went into camp eighteen miles from Montgomery after a march of eighteen miles.

April twelfth. Started from camp at five A. M.; weather very pleasant and roads good. General McCook with the First division led the advance. The city was capitulated to General McCook early in the morning, and a provost guard having been stationed in it, the troops marched through and camped outside. The inhabitants received the troops if without manifestations of joy, at least without any evidences of dislike. Private property was everywhere respected. The rebel troops before our entrance had burned eighty-five thousand bales of cotton, valued at forty millions of dollars in gold. The citizens expressed a great deal of anger at the occurrence. Montgomery, the capital of Alabama, is a beautiful city, and contains a large number of elegant residences. It is situated on the south side of the Alabama river. This river is navigable to the city by small steamers.

April thirteenth. Hospital train came into the city at five o'clock P. M., and was unloaded at St.


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