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[716] After burning Tuscaloosa. capturing three (3) guns and a number of prisoners, he moved toward Columbus, fought Wirt Adams near Eutaw; moved thence to Hanby's mill, on Black Warrior, crossed Coosa near Talladega, fought and dispersed Hill's forces between there and Blue Mountain, burned several factories and iron works,1 and then marched via Carrolton, Newnan, and Zebulon to this place. General Croxton deserves great credit, and should be brevetted.

J. H. Wilson, Brevet Major-General.

[Telegram in Cipher.]

headquarters cavalry corps. M. D. M., Macon, Ga., April 30, 1865.
Major-General W. T. Sherman, Raleigh, North Carolina:
Since my telegram of to-day, I have received a despatch from General Steedman, Chattanooga, April 25th, through Generals Judah, Wofford, and Cobb, notifying me that the Government had refused to endorse your action in arranging an armistice with General Johnston, and declaring the resumption of hostilities. As the date of this despatch is prior to your last, I shall disregard it till further orders from you; please send me instructions at once. To begin hostilities again in this Department would be productive of great detriment to a final settlement.

J. H. Wilson, Brevet Major-General.

[Telegram.]

headquarters cavalry corps, M. P. M., Macon, Ga., April 30. 1865.
Major-General W. T. Sherman, Raleigh, North Carolina:
The telegram announcing the convention between yourself and General Johnston is just received.

I shall send Brevet Major-General Upton to Atlanta and Augusta to-morrow-and General McCook to Tallahassee — for the purpose of carrying out your instructions. An officer will start immediately to General Canby, to apprise him of what has transpired. He will carry copies of the despatches.

J. H. Wilson, Brevet Major-General.

The disaster in Virginia — the capture by the enemy of all our workshops for the preparation of ammunition and repairing arms; the impossibility of recruiting our little army — opposed by more than ten times its number — of supplying its wants, except by robbing our own citizens, destroyed all hopes of successful war. I have therefore made a military convention with General Sherman to terminate hostilities in North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. I made this convention to spare the blood of the gallant little army committed to me, to prevent further suffering of our people by the devastation and ruin inevitable from the marches of invading armies, and to avoid the crime of wanton, hopeless war.

J. E. Johnston. Official: J. H. Wilson, Brevet Major-General.

headquarters cavalry corps, M. D. M., Macon, Ga., May 3, 1865.
General--Colonel Woodhall, of General Judah's command, delivered to me yesterday an official copy of your despatch of April 26, in regard to the resumption of hostilities, and the terms of capitulation which I might offer to the commanding General of the rebel forces in Georgia, Alabama, or Mississippi. I also received, yesterday, your despatch of 12 M., April 27, in regard to military operations and the apprehension of the rebel chiefs.

General Sherman had also sent scouts to me with the information that his action in arranging the armistice with General Johnston had been disapproved, and orders to resume hostilities; but prior to all of these, I received through telegraph his order of April 27, declaring the capitulation of all the rebel troops east of the Chattahoochie, and directing me to carry out terms of his convention with General Johnston, as they are the same as those you authorize me to offer, there being no resistance whatever to them upon the part of any rebel forces in this State or Florida, and no forces able to offer successful resistance. I do not suppose it to be the wish of the Secretary of War that I shall disregard them.

In view of these facts I have designated Brevet Major-General Upton to receive the surrender of the garrisons at Atlanta and Augusta; he left here for that purpose on the first instant, and reached Augusta this morning. I am expecting to hear from him every moment by telegraph.

I have sent Majors Williams, and McBurney, of my staff, to Milledgeville, to receive the surrender of the troops there, and to direct the transportation of the Confederate stores to the place. I have also demanded of Governor Brown, Commander-in-chief of the Georgia militia, the surrender of his troops and the military stores pertaining to them.

He is to meet me in person at this place to-morrow afternoon, for the purpose of arranging the details of the capitulation.

I have already conferred with General H. C. Wayne, Adjutant and Inspector-General, who assures me that the terms prescribed will be carried into effect.

General McCook will start to-morrow with a small force to Tallahassee, Florida, to receive the surrender of the troops under the command of General Sam Jones in that district.

As you doubtless know, General Cobb surrendered


1 There are no iron works or factories left in Georgia or Alabama.

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