came to America
A voluminous author, some of whose works are yet reprinted in England
, he was the ruling spirit of the Cambridge synod
, which was held in 1637 to pronounce against “antinomian and familistic opinions.”
He was described by his contemporaries as a “poor, weak, pale-complectioned man,” yet such was his power that the synod condemned under his guidance “about eighty opinions, some blasphemous, other erroneous, all unsound,” as even the tolerant Winthrop
By this and his other good deeds he so won the confidence of the leaders of the colony that when a college was to be founded, Cotton Mather
tells us, “Cambridge
rather than any other place was fixed upon to be the seat of that happy seminary.”
On the wrecks of eighty unsound or blasphemous opinions there was thus erected one happy seminary.
And the college also brought with it the name of the English
university city, so that the settlement first called “Newetowne” became in May, 1638, Cambridge
, and has thus ever since remained.
And so essentially was the college the centre of the whole colony, as well as of