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[54] beginning of a new era for America. In the very first number of the Dial, upon its first page Emerson announced it as its primary aim “to make new demands on literature” ; and it is worth noticing that this original movement had its roots at several different points in Old Cambridge.

The plan of a new periodical had been discussed between Hedge and Margaret Fullerboth natives of Cambridge — as early as March 5, 1835, the latter writing, “Your periodical plan charms me.” In the autumn of 1836, the bicentennial of Harvard University was held, and four young clergymen — Emerson, Hedge, Ripley, and Putnam-had an almost casual meeting at Willard's Hotel, now the electric railway station at Harvard Square in Cambridge; where began a series of consultations, afterwards adjourned to Boston and to Concord, culminating in a club called variously the Symposium Club, the Transcendental Club, and the Hedge Club,--the latter name because its meetings were timed to suit the occasional visit of Hedge, then settled in Bangor, Maine. At a meeting of this club on September 18, 1839,

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