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[232] village maiden. On the Nile, a fellah who goes into the neighbouring hamlet, and exacts blood for blood, is said to do a royal deed. Oriental lawgivers have usually been forced to admit the principle, even while they were trying to check the practice of Blood Atonements. Moses allows retaliation, though he places it under some restraint. Mohammed treats it in a similar spirit. Solon saw the absurdity of exacting tooth for tooth, and eye for eye, yet the Athenian legislator left the principle embodied in his code. England has the merit of repudiating this savage principle. Once, indeed, an attempt was made to introduce the principle into our legal system; but this attempt was made so long ago as the reign of Edward the Third. After trial of the system for a single year, the theory was rejected and the law repealed.

Among the higher races of mankind the rule has been put down. A touch of the old savagery lingers on the frontiers of civilisation. France finds a remnant of this rule in Corsica, Spain in Biscay, England in Connaught, America in the prairies-each nation on the spot where remnants of her ancient races yet survive.

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