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[267] approached Fort Gibson, further differences broke out. Ross wished his men to live as Cherokees had always lived, in tribal order, holding common property under a reigning chief. Boudinot proposed a change. He wished to live like White men, under law, and to divide the tribal lands among the heads of families. Words led to blows, and blows to murder. Thirty of the Ross party stole to Boudinot's ranch, and finding him absent in a field, sent four of their body to beg him, as a favour, to mix some physic for a sick squaw. On his turning back with them towards his cabin, they led him into a snare, when a dozen fiends sprang on him, and with yells and curses plunged their knives into his heart.

Stand Watie took up the mission of avenging his brother's blood, and in the Cherokee fashion he raised a band of avenging braves. He chased the murderers, fighting them day and night, till nearly all were slain, and he was weary of his great revenge. From that day forward, the Cherokees have been ranged in opposite camps; one side adhering to Stand Watie, while the other side have adhered to Ross. All those who wished to settle down,,

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