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[305] to Story and Chace, no one has denied that the original title in the land lay with the Red men.

But Waite and his learned brethren have wrought a sudden change. These magistrates have decided that the Indians are not owners of the soil, generally, or even holders of the fee in their own lands. The true proprietor, they assert, is the Government of the United States!

No Creek, no Choctaw can be made to seize the maxims on which Waite proceeds, but the most benighted Indian can understand that his field is not his own, that he is only a tenant on the land, and that he must no longer cut and sell a pine.

Under the “new policy,” which turns the Red war into pious idyls, and confiscates the whole Indian country to the Government, the Indians are displayed for public approval in four great classes:

First. Those that are wild and scarcely tract. able to any extent beyond that of coming near enough to the Government agent to receive blankets and rations.

Second. Indians who are thoroughly convinced of the necessity of labour, and are actually undertaking

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