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[135] counties the Whites have a good majority; in three others they have a slight majority; while in the remaining twenty-two counties the Negro majorities are large. In Richland County and Charleston County they number two to one. Among the bayous and savannahs the dark people are almost separated from the fair. In Beaufort County they are nearly six to one; in Georgetown County they are nearly seven to one. Greenville, Anderson, and Spartanburg counties may return scholars, advocates, and planters to the Legislature; but the voice of a Trenholm or a Russell counts for no more in the assembly than that of a Negro from the swamp; and for every Trenholm or Russell in the assembly of South Carolina there are three Negroes from the swamp. Under a law of equality, enforced by a Federal army, what chance has the European settler in such a State?

Dark as the prospect is, the Carolinians are not sure that they have reached their blackest point. The great zone of swamp and savannah, stretching from Cape Fear to the Mississippi, and from the Mississippi back to St. Andrew's Sound, appears to be the African's new home. Within this zone

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George A. Trenholm (1)
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