Chapter 20: Mongol Migration.
Nothing so strange, hardly anything so grave, has happened in our time as this opening of a new Asiatic problem on the field of American politics.
Time out of mind the Chinese people stayed at home, asking for no fraternity of men, but barring their doors in every stranger's face.
Not caring for the outer world, they sought to dwell alone, living their own life, enjoying their own produce, observing their own rites.
A wall, the greatest work of human toil, divided them from neighbours on the west, while in the east they had no neighbours save the winds and waves.
In every Chinese
port, at every Chinese town, a barrier rose; a wall, a gate, a tariff, an observance; something that kept the world at bay. A pilgrim now and then slipped through the toils and brought back stories from the land of flowers.
Some trader now and then corrupted an