defensive laws of California
violate the most sacred principles embodied in the common Constitution of the United States
The American Constitution opens American ports to all the world; the laws of California
limit and control the entry of Asiatics into San Francisco
The American Constitution gives to every man who lands a right of citizenship on easy terms; the laws of California
deny a Chinese immigrant the right of citizenship on any terms.
Under the new conditions created by the influx of these Asiatics, San Francisco
has ceased to be a free port in the sense in which New York is a free port.
New York is open: San Francisco
is not open.
If he lands in New York a Mongol may be naturalized in a year; but if he lands in San Francisco
a Mongol cannot be naturalized in twenty years. This conflict of principles leads to much confusion in practice.
No one in Oregon
, and Nevada
, can be sure of what is legal or illegal.
A Court, administering the local law, rules one thing; a second Court, administering the general law, rules another thing.
They clash alike in maxims, methods, and results.