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New Orleans is Louisiana, very much as Paris is France. When New Orleans suffers, Louisiana suffers; when New Orleans recovers, Louisiana recovers. Now, under Kellogg and his reign of anarchy, New Orleans was bankrupt in public credit as well as in private means.

A mixed executive of Negroes and strangers ruled the city and jobbed the public lands-a Rump Chamber, in which the Negroes had a large majority, pocketing their fees, and voting bills which have no legal force. A band of Negroes, officered by aliens, ruled the streets and quays. Black clubs were multiplied, with secret signs and passwords. While a dollar lay in the Treasury, these aliens helped themselves and their adherents. Offices were sold, State bonds were hocussed, and a solvent city was made responsible for an impoverished State. Foreign creditors were defrauded, and the citizens suffered in repute. All branches of the shipping trade declined. Merchants and brokers left their magazines empty on the quays, and the market value of shops in fashionable quarters fell below their former annual rent. Imports almost ceased. Taxes increased so rapidly that owners

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