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[467] they lay not far apart upon that gory field. I would express the hope that their mingled service is continued in heaven. When we left Frederick City for the movement against Harper's Ferry, our regiment being at the head of column, I saw General Jackson and mentioned to him this among other circumstances in Colonel Baylor's last weeks; he seemed greatly delighted, and said: “ I am glad of it; I hope he died a Christian; he needed only Christianity to make him a model man; he was a fine officer too, as was seen by his keeping up his regiment.”

While we lay about Bunker Hill in the fall of 1862, a work of grace was begun in the army; but our brigade seemed still unblest. Dr. Stiles visited us and preached. A good many began to awaken. Our division was now frequently shifted from position to position previous to crossing the mountains. Still the doctor preached, as he had opportunity, to large and interested audiences, and finally a goodly number made hopeful profession of conversion. But the greatest benefit that I have ever felt from those associations and instructions of our venerable brother, was the impulse imparted to chaplains. That earnest man of God made us ashamed of ourselves. I fairly felt ashamed to give him an opportunity at me; he talked so plainly of my responsibility; showed me so clearly how many opportunities I was thoughtlessly despising; what great responsibility rested on me. I shook the dust from my feet and went to work with new zeal. This seemed to be the case with us all.

Colonel———, of the———Regiment, was now commanding the brigade. His notorious profanity made him rather a terror to chaplains; but he was really generous and kind-hearted. After becoming acquainted he gave me the honorable title of “my elder,” and was always ready to grant any facilities I ever requested for furthering my discharge of duties. At this time he cheerfully exempted men from military duty for erecting our earthen candlesticks, beautifying our native church, and attendance upon worship. We hoped much good was done; but a season of rest had engendered also many vices, and robbery had become common in the vicinity of the army. In one instance a soldier had been murdered by another between the spring and the camp of the Thirty-third Virginia for a small sum of money.

While we lay near Winchester in the latter part of November, I received a message from General Jackson, through Lieutenant James P. Smith, his adjutant, requesting me to prepare and send him a list of chaplains, their regiments, etc., in his old division; the number and name of destitute regiments; their disposition towards having chaplains and other preferences as to denomination, etc., and to do what I could in this command for securing acceptable chaplains to every destitute regiment.

About 20th of November Brigadier-General Paxton assumed command of the brigade. Chaplains had been hitherto held under no military responsibility; but Paxton soon indicated that they must not leave without proper furloughs. November 21 we broke camp and marched for Fredericksburg. On that march a chaplain went to General Paxton with oral request for leave of absence; Paxton refused it unless written and endorsed by regimental commander. He went to General Jackson, but the general gave him the same reply, and informed him that such license would degrade the chaplaincy in the eyes of soldiers, and he wished it regarded as important as any other office in the army.

Opportunities were furnished me on that march for testing the results of our recent interest. I found it quite general and abiding. A young friend (assistant adjutant-general to Paxton) had made profession of faith and attributed it in great degree to the influence and friendship of the lamented Baylor. With a sergeant I had much conversation, who received impressions which led to his hopeful profession of faith. With a high-toned but unconverted officer I had a discussion, protracted through that long march, on certain doctrinal questions; and when he fell


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