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[565] after the battle of Perryville, Kentucky. We were retreating from that State and had crossed Dix's River and encamped for the soldiers to cook their rations. The day was raw and damp. Colonel Robert Vance came to me and asked why we were not arranging for service. I asked him why should we, and he said it was Sunday. Chaplain Wexler and I preached during the day, regardless of the weather.

Rev. Lieutenant Parker, of the North Carolina Conference, was a member of the Twenty-ninth North Carolina Regiment, and a very nice Christian officer, rendering efficient aid to the chaplains. Sergeant Guerra, an exhorter in the Thirty-sixth Tennessee, I found an active, earnest Christian, ready and willing to work for his Lord, at any time, place, and in any way. He was a Spaniard.

My daily journals for 1862-65 are before me, and I shall give your readers such extracts as I think may be of interest to them.

Cumberland Gap, February 20, 1862. Frank Wallace, quite a youth, came to my quarters to talk with me about seeking salvation.

March 22. A severe skirmish west of the Gap. Benjamin Grisham, Thirtysixth Tennessee Regiment, mortally wounded. As he was carried back to the surgeon, I saw a Testament in his side-pocket, and he was praying earnestly, but said he was not prepared to die, and begged us to write his friends to prepare for death.

Sunday, March 30. Preached at 11 A. M. to the Fourth, and in the P. M. to Thirty-sixth, and at night to the Eleventh Tennessee Regiments. Congregations larger and more serious than heretofore.

April 6. Talked to Mr. C., a man of intelligence and varied information, who has done office-work in Washington City, and has the brain for a general, but is a poor private soldier, for he is a great slave to whiskey, and is often in the guardhouse for drunkenness. He is recovering from a debauch, and tells me that he is terribly haunted by his wife. I presume his dissipation has broken her heart. Whiskey is a great curse to our soldiers, and especially the officers, who can secure it more readily than the privates. Preached to our regiment in the A. M., and Rain's regiment in the P. M. Soldiers attentive to the word.

April 8. Visited our sick at the hospital at Tazewell; found forty-two in the wards; preached for them at night.

April 11. Brother Box, of Company C, Fourth Tennessee, is very low. Will probably die, but he assures me that all is right, and he is not afraid of the future.

Sunday, April 27. At 11 A. M. preached to the Fourth Tennessee. In the afternoon, by invitation of J. Courtney Brown, went to the top of the mountain peak, and preached for the Third Georgia Battalion.

Brother Brown was a private soldier of Yeizer's Battery of Artillery, from near Rome, Georgia. A man of superior culture and devout piety; I think one of the noblest Christian gentlemen I met in the army. When the war began he was engaged in teaching near Rome, and was preparing for the ministry of the Baptist Church, if I mistake not. If he yet lives, I doubt not he has attained to eminence and usefulness in his church. We often took sweet counsel together, and I was much benefited by a prayer-meeting he conducted on the mountain spurs at Cumberland Gap. No other man was more helpful to me in army work in 1862 than was the gifted and faithful J. Courtney Brown.

Sunday, May 4, 1862. Preached to-day on the peak south of the Gap, at the corner-stone of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. My congregation was seated in the three States: the Georgians in Kentucky, the Alabamians in Tennessee, and the Tennesseeans in Virginia. I used the corner-stone as a book-board for Bible and hymn-book. Text: Psalms XLII. 11.— “Some of us are neither cast down nor disquieted. Our hope is in God, and we praise him on the mountain top.”

May 11. Preached for the Third Georgia Battalion. Dr. Chapman, the assistant-surgeon,


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