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August 26. Marched seventeen miles and crossed the Pine Mountains; encamped at the Cumberland River in Kentucky.

August 27. Met Generals Reynolds and Heth.

August 28. Reached Barboursville to-day. No sympathy for Southern soldiers here.

August 29. Marched down the Cumberland River and encamped at Laurel Bridge.

August 30. Went through Loudon.

Sunday, August 31. Crossed the Rock Castle River and marched through the deep dust and among the towering rocks of Rock Castle county. Soldiers suffering much for water.

September 1. We descended Big Hill into the Blue Grass Region of Kentucky. When we reached Rodgersville the battle between Rodgersville and Richmond was over, and we saw Salem church and yard full of wounded Federals. General Kirby Smith gained the most complete victory over the Federals here that I knew won during the war. General Pat. Cleburne here gained great renown. Our loss was between four and five hundred killed and wounded—Federals twice as great, and then four thousand prisoners taken. Three-fourths of our wounded were Tennesseeans. Among the number I met was Rev. A. M. Kerr, my preceptor when a youth, and for many years pastor of Pleasant Hill Cumberland Presbyterian Church, in Giles county, Tennessee, near where I was reared.

September 2. Gave the day to looking after the wounded, Confederate and Federal.

September 3. Our division entered Lexington, Kentucky, and we were welcomed with more enthusiasm than any place where we have been since the war began. Such marked kindness and cordial greeting were almost overwhelming to those of us who had been a year soldiering in East Tennessee.

Lexington, Kentucky, September 4. The streets were densely thronged at an early hour by the citizens to witness the entry of General John H. Morgan to his native city. The vast multitude were almost frantic with joy as the long cavalcade swept through the chief street of the city. Such a fluttering and floating of Confederate flags I never saw before. The face of the renowned hero beamed with joy at such a hearty welcome to his home.

Our battalion remained at Lexington on garrison duty for nearly a month, and we had our regular service on the first, second and third Sundays in September at our handsome encampments in new tents captured from the Federals.

September 18 was Thanksgiving Day by order of President Davis. A message from the Forty-third Alabama Regiment was received requesting me to hold their thanksgiving service. The First Presbyterian Church was tendered for our use; but when I consulted General Kirby Smith he wisely advised me to decline the offer for good reasons, and we worshipped at the encampment.

There was more sickness than usual among our soldiers, and the hospitals were filled by the corps. In visiting the sick, by special inquiry, I found several pious praying men, and the majority of the sick and wounded were readers of the Bible.

The fourth Sunday in September we were at Winchester, Kentucky. Brother Rand preached for the soldiers in the forenoon and I in the afternoon.

Saturday, October 4. Went to Frankfort, the capital of Kentucky, to witness the inauguration of Governor Hawes. Generals Bragg, Buckner, Buford, Reynolds, Stevenson and Humphrey Marshall and others were in attendance. The newly installed governor and generals left before night.

Lexington, Kentucky, Sunday, October 5, 1862. Visited our sick for the last time in the hospitals here. All are ordered off. The city is rapidly evacuated, to the sorrow and surprise of many citizens and soldiers — the first scene of the kind I have yet witnessed. Our friends we leave, who have been so abundant in their


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