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[570] hospitality, merit our hearty commiseration. All denominations of Christians have been marked in their kindness to us, notably members of the Reformed Church, who have shown me special favors. In the afternoon we marched to Nicholasville.

October 6. Crossed the Kentucky River and passed through Pleasant Hill or “Shakertown” —a lovely place. Peace and prosperity prevail here. Never a marriage or birth in the town. None go to war. Men and women live apart. All property is held for the use of all. At Harrodsburg I met Dr. Joseph Cross, one of our chaplains and member of the Tennessee Conference. Rev. Robert A. Holland, a gifted young minister of Louisville, Kentucky, is going out with us. Met South Carolina soldiers to-day for first time. Marched six miles from Harrodsburg and camped at Eldorado.

October 7th. Marched to Salt River, then to Salvisa, thence to the Kentucky River and across, and all day and nearly all night marching and manoeuvring. Reached Versailles before daylight. Here I met Bishop Kavanaugh again. He and his noble wife showed me no little kindness during our six weeks in their State. We met several times.

October 8. Marched for Lawrenceburg.

October 9. At Lawrenceburg saw Morgan's Cavalry dashing through; heard the roar of cannon in our front; saw 400 Federal prisoners of Sill's Division. At night the camp-fires were grand.

October 10. Aroused at midnight; marched to Harrodsburg, where I visited a great many of the wounded of the Perryville battle, Rev. Lieutenant Ransom among the number; also, William Westmoreland, one of my school-mates; neither of whom ever reached home. Our loss about three thousand killed and wounded. Our troops in battle line near the city and in fine spirits regardless of the steady cold rain. I was glad to find them so cheerful and hopeful. A great battle imminent. Met General Bragg as I returned about dusk.

October 11. Our army is in full retreat. Regret to leave our wounded. We cross Dix's River and encamp on the eastern bluff.

Sunday, 12. Rested to-day. Soldiers very attentive to the preaching of Chaplain Wexler and myself.

Monday, 13. Marched nearly all night via Camp Dick Robinson to Lancaster, Ky. Bragg's army took the Crab Orchard Road, while our corps returns via Cumberland Gap to East Tennessee.

Sunday, October 19. Preached for Chaplain Beauman to the Fifty-eighth North Carolina Regiment. Walked up to the Peak above Cumberland Gap, where we so often held our prayer meetings months ago. The enemy did much work here during the three months of their occupancy of this natural stronghold.

Blain's Cross Roads, East Tennessee, October 26. Snow three inches deep. No preaching. Rev. R. A. Holland and I called on Chaplain Oslin, of Forty-third Georgia, and Rev. Timmons, of Watkins' Regiment.

October 26. By request of Dr. Gardner I went with our sick soldiers to Strawberry Plains, then to Knoxville, where I met Colonel Reeves, a Baptist minister, whom I found very affable.

October 27. Visited the sick at the hospital; accommodations for the sick were poor indeed.

Sunday, November 2. Preached for the Fourth and Eleventh Tennessee and Forty-second Georgia Regiments, at Lenoir's Station, East Tennessee.

November 23. Met Chaplain Riddle, of a Kentucky regiment, and we went together to the Methodist church, where I preached to a large congregation of soldiers and citizens. Brother Riddle is a Baptist minister, and manifests the charity that a true minister should.


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