and their party associations had heard the two men on that occasion, he would have concluded that one was strongly in favor of slavery and the other was not opposed to it.
Their only disagreement was as to slavery in the Territories
, and that was more apparent than real.
contended for free soil through the direct action of the general government.
advocated a roundabout way that led up to the same result.
His proposition, which he called “popular sovereignty,” was to leave the decision to the people of the Territories
, saying he did not care whether they voted slavery up or voted it down.
That was a practical, although indirect declaration in favor of free soil.
The outcome of the contests in Kansas
showed that at that game the free States with their superior resources were certain to win. The shrewder slaveholders recognized that fact, and their antagonism to Douglas
They deliberately defeated him for the Presidency in 1860, when he was the regular candidate of the Democratic party, by running Breckenridge
as an independent candidate.
Otherwise Mr. Douglas
would have become President
of the United States
Out of a total of 4,680, 93 votes, Mr. Lincoln
had only 1,866,631.
The rest were divided between his three antagonists.
As between Lincoln
, who together held the controlling hand, the slaveholders preferred Lincoln
, against whom they had no personal feeling, while they knew that his policy was no more dangerous to their interests than the other man's, if faithfully adhered to and carried out. Besides