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[185] the power of our great warrior first at the battle of Cedar Mountain. The fight took place on one of the hottest days of summer. The Federal troops were terribly worsted and driven in confusion from the field, leaving their dead and wounded and many prisoners in our hands. The South was called to deplore the loss of many brave men. General Winder, who commanded the “Stonewall brigade,” was killed on the field, and a number of other gallant officers and men here gave their lives to the holy cause.

This blow from Jackson was an earnest of what was soon to follow. Withdrawing from the vicinity of Cedar Mountain, he completely deceived the enemy, and began that famous flank movement which brought him so unexpectedly to the rear of Pope's army. The Federals in great force had spent weeks in and around the town of Warrenton, Fauquier county, Va., and between that place and Culpeper Courthouse. They had plundered the people without mercy, taking food, clothing, servants, horses, cattle, and, in fact, whatever they fancied was freely appropriated. Implements of agriculture were burned or broken to pieces, on the principle of subduing the rebellion by cutting off the means of living from citizens and soldiers. The conduct of many of the Federal soldiers was worthy of the most ferocious savages. They would ride over the graves of Confederates in the burying-ground near the town of Warrenton, and stick bayonets and fire guns into the graves. The church edifices were abused, and the walls defiled with vulgar and licentious scribblings, and in one instance, if not more, the communion table and chairs were stolen from the altar and possibly shipped to the North. A negro brought in from the country a fine piano, which was bought for a trifle by some soldier or sutler, boxed up and sent off as a present to some fair lady in a loyal State.

But the triumph of the wicked is short. In the midst of these outrages the appalling news came that Jackson

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