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[21] exceeded five dollars to each inhabitant; in Washington, six; in Somerville, seven; in West Cambridge (Arlington), eight; in Leyden, nine; in Longmeadow, ten; and in Belmont, ten.1

The Legislative Report, from which the above extracts are taken, gives the war expenses incurred by the Commonwealth up to January, 1866. Since then they have been increased nearly two millions and a half of dollars, chiefly by the continuance of the payment of State aid to soldiers and their families, and the payment of outstanding bounties; so that the total amount of expenditure by the Commonwealth on account of the war to the 1st of January, 1871, was upwards of thirty-two millions of dollars, or, in exact figures, $32,039,545.20. In the mean time it has been decreased to $16,573,244.00, for the redemption and payment of which the following sinking funds are pledged:—

Union Loan Sinking Fund3,600,000.00
Bounty Loan Sinking Fund2,399,980.35
War Loan Sinking Fund1,835,803.66
Coast Defence Loan Sinking Fund425,690.79

The extinguishment of the war debt of Massachusetts is therefore in a fair way of being accomplished in a very few years; and judging from the rapid decrease of the war debt of the cities and towns by taxation during the two years immediately succeeding the war, and the establishment by the largest places of sinking funds, very many of them have already (June, 1871) paid off all the indebtedness which they incurred on account of the war.

We are not aware that the amount paid for bounties in Massachusetts is larger, or even so large, as was paid in the other New-England States, or in the Middle and Western States; but this we know, that, while the volunteer system was the rule

1 The attention of the Committee was not drawn to the work done by the women of the State; and therefore the contributions made by them in money, clothing, books, and hospital stores, are not mentioned or even referred to in the Report.

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