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[375] war, which was a surplus of eight over and above all demands. Seven were commissioned officers. The whole amount of money appropriated and expended by the town for war purposes, exclusive of State aid, was twenty-two thousand and six dollars ($22,006.00). This is exclusive of four thousand two hundred dollars which were contributed by citizens and not repaid by the town. Fourteen citizens, not liable to draft, put in ‘representative recruits.’

The amount of money raised and expended by the town during the war for State aid to soldiers' families, and which was refunded by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $22.00; in 1862, $234.00; in 1863, $599.08; in 1864, $641.44; in 1865, $400.00. Total amount, $1,896.52.


Incorporated May 29, 1655. Population in 1860, 1,776; in 1865, 1,808. Valuation in 1860, $1,042,071; in 1865, $1,086,563.

The selectmen in 1861 were Joseph Down, Leander Crosby, Gardner Parker; in 1862, 1863, 1864, and 1865, Gardner Parker, William S. Gleason, Charles W. French.

The town-clerk and town-treasurer during all the years of the war was Dudley Foster.

1861. The first legal town-meeting to act upon matters relating to the rebellion was held on the 6th of May, at which Stephen Gilman, Thomas Talbot, and George P. Elliot were appointed a committee to consider and report what action the town ought to take in regard to the threatened civil war. This committee reported in favor of immediate and vigorous action; also a series of resolutions, the substance of which is as follows:—

Resolved, That the town appropriate twenty-five hundred dollars to be subject to a committee of nine persons to be chosen by this meeting, and that the treasurer be authorized to borrow from time to time, in sums not to exceed that amount, as the committee may direct.

Resolved, That the committee provide such articles of clothing and equipment, not furnished by the State, for the comfort and convenience of such citizens of Billerica as may volunteer in the military service of the United States, and that they look after and provide for the

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