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[424] death of the President until the 17th of June, the anniversary of the battle of Bunker Hill.

On the occasion of the dedication of the monument the people of Lowell and of the surrounding towns observed it as a holiday. The mills were stopped, the stores closed, and business of every kind was at a stand. The day was very warm, the procession very full, and the route very long. The address of Governor Andrew was of great merit.

Lowell furnished five thousand two hundred and sixtysix men for the war, which was a surplus of two hundred and eighteen over and above all demands. Two hundred and sixteen were commissioned officers. The whole amount of money appropriated and expended on account of the war, exclusive of State aid, was three hundred and nine thousand two hundred and forty-two dollars and thirty-nine cents ($309,242.39).

The amount of money raised and expended by the city during the war for State aid to soldiers families, and repaid by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $20,276.24; in 1862, $87,239.31; in 1863, $90,000.00; in 1864, $85,000.00; in 1865, $52,000.00. Total amount, $334,515.55.

The ladies of Lowell formed a Soldiers' Aid Society as early as April 20, 1861, which continued in vigorous action until the end of the war. A fair held in April, 1863, under the management of the ladies netted five thousand dollars. A great many boxes of clothing and sanitary stores were sent almost daily through the agencies of the Sanitary and Christian Commissions to the soldiers in camp and in the hospitals. We have not been able to get an exact statement of the value of the articles thus furnished, but good judges estimate that one hundred thousand dollars were raised in Lowell during the four years of the war by voluntary contributions for the Sanitary and Christian Commissions, and for private relief connected with the war. It is claimed that Judge Crosby of Lowell gave the first money ($100) in aid of the soldiers (April 18, 1861) that was given anywhere. His example was followed by other generous citizens, among them General Butler, who gave his check for five hundred dollars.

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