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[474] into the military service one hundred and fifty dollars, and the same amount if he shall procure a substitute. The treasurer was authorized to borrow money to pay the same.

1863. March 23d, Money was appropriated for the payment of State aid to soldiers' families during the year. November 3d, A committee of nine was appointed to aid the selectmen in filling the quota of the town under the call of the President, dated Oct. 17, 1863; and to petition the Governor, if they think it expedient, to call an extra session of the Legislature ‘to pass laws giving towns power to aid in enlisting men.’

1864. March 28th, The treasurer was authorized to borrow not exceeding thirty-six hundred dollars for the payment of State aid to soldiers' families during the year. June 10th, Voted, to pay a bounty of one hundred and twenty-five dollars to each volunteer who enlists for three years and is credited to the quota of the town. This amount of bounty was continued to be paid until the end of the war.

Winchester furnished two hundred and twenty-four men for the war, which was a surplus of nineteen over and above all demands. Six were commissioned officers. The whole amount of money appropriated and expended by the town on account of the war, exclusive of State aid, was twenty-one thousand seven hundred and one dollars and forty cents ($21,701.40).

The amount of money raised and expended by the town during the war for State aid to soldiers' families, and repaid by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $414.79; in 1862, $2,629.15; in 1863, $3,641.50; in 1864, $2,605.09; in 1865, $2,000.00. Total amount, $11,290.53.


Incorporated May 18, 1642. Population in 1860, 6,287; in 1865, 7,002. Valuation in 1860, $3,599,280; in 1865, $4,986,549.

The selectmen in 1861 were Joseph Kelley, Ebenezer N. Blake, Stephen Dow, John Cummings, Jr., William T. Grammer, Walter Wyman, William Totman, Elbridge Trull, Edward E. Thompson; in 1862, John Cummings, Jr., Joseph Kelley, Elbridge Trull, Ebenezer N. Blake, Stephen Dow, Walter

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