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[482] cents ($1,205,385.29). The amount raised and expended by them for State aid to soldiers' families during the war, and repaid by the Commonwealth, was $768,616.86; making the total of expenditure, $1,974,002.05. During the war the county contained one city and twenty-two towns, of which the following is the war record of each:—


Incorporated Nov. 27, 1719. Population in 1860, 1,318; in 1865, 1,240. Valuation in 1860, $474,259; in 1865, $463,951.

The selectmen in 1861 were Amos H. Holbrook, Alanson Bates, James A. Thayer; in 1862, Amos H. Holbrook, Savel Metcalf, Daniel J. Pickering; in 1863, Amos H. Holbrook, Martin Rockwood, Jr., Elisha Chase; in 1864, Daniel J. Pickering, Alanson Bates, Calvin Fairbanks; in 1865, Daniel J. Pickering, Alanson Bates, Benjamin W. Woodbury.

The town-clerk during all these years was Ruel F. Thayer. The town-treasurer during the same period, Joseph T. Massey.

1861. The first town-meeting to consider matters relating to the war was held on the 4th of May, at which two thousand dollars were appropriated ‘for the relief of the families of those who have gone or may go to fight the battles of our country.’ May 20th, The treasurer was authorized to borrow two thousand dollars for the above purpose, and to pay for an outfit for each volunteer and for time spent in drilling.

1862. July 19th, Voted, to pay a bounty of one hundred dollars to each volunteer, to the number of seventeen, who shall enlist and be credited to the town within twenty days, and to those who shall enlist within ten days ten dollars extra; the treasurer was authorized to borrow money to pay the same. August 14th, Voted, to pay a bounty of two hundred dollars to each volunteer enlisting to the credit of the town in the nine-months service, and to pay a bounty of seven hundred dollars to each of those volunteers who shall enlist to complete the quota of the town of three-years men. The treasurer was authorized to borrow the money.

1863. Meetings were held March 2d and July 31st, at which votes were passed authorizing the treasurer to borrow money to

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