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Chapter 14: Suffolk County.

This county although the smallest in territory is the most populous and wealthy in the State. It contained during the period of the war but four municipalities; viz., the cities of Boston and Chelsea, and the towns of North Chelsea and Winthrop. Since the war the city of Roxbury and the town of Dorchester, in Norfolk County, have been annexed to the city of Boston.

The population of Suffolk County in 1860 was 192,678; in 1865 it was 208,219,—an increase in five years of 15,541. The valuation of the county in 1860 was three hundred and twenty millions of dollars ($320,000,000); in 1865 it was three hundred and eighty-one millions three hundred and ninety-one thousand two hundred and eighty-one dollars ($381,391,281), being an increase of upwards of sixty-one millions of dollars in five years.

By the returns made by the city and town authorities in 1866 Suffolk County furnished twenty-eight thousand four hundred and sixty-nine men for the war (28,469), which is undoubtedly correct; each place had a surplus over and above all demands which in the aggregate amounted to 5,231. The aggregate expenditure of the cities and towns in the county on account of the war, exclusive of State aid, was two millions seven hundred and ninety-one thousand five hundred and seventy-five dollars and eighty-four cents ($2,791,575.84). The amount expended for State aid to soldiers' families during the war, and repaid by the Commonwealth, was one million one hundred and eighty-seven thousand six hundred and fifty-six dollars and sixty-six cents ($1,187,656.66). Total amount, $3,979,232.50.

The following is the record of each city and town:—

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