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[664] of money appropriated and expended by the town on account of the war, exclusive of State aid, was thirteen thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine dollars and seventy-six cents ($13,999.76).

The amount of money paid by the town during the war for State aid to soldiers' families, and repaid by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $70.99; in 1862, $1,286.48; in 1863, $1,954.70; in 1864, $1,846.58; in 1865, $1,100.00. Total amount, $6,258.75.

The ladies of Petersham formed a Soldiers-Aid Society early in the war, ‘and labored with zeal and energy during the Rebellion, forwarding the supplies contributed by them chiefly to the Boston Branch of the Sanitary Commission. No record was kept by them of the amount of their labors and offerings.’


Incorporated Oct. 20, 1786. Population in 1860, 764; in 1865, 736. Valuation in 1860, $294,353; in 1865, $320,834.

The selectmen in 1861 were Russell Carruth, James G. Smith, Joseph H. Whitney; in 1862 and 1863, Courtlon Sanderson, Emory Bates, Thomas Martin; in 1864, Courtlon Sanderson, Edward Powers, James G. Smith; in 1865, Courtlon Sanderson, James G. Smith, John Miller.

The town-clerk in 1861 was T. T. Miller; in 1862, 1863, 1864, and 1865, Thomas Martin. The town-treasurer in 1861, 1863, 1864, and 1865 was Thomas Martin; in 1862, Jason Goulding.

1861. The first town-meeting to act upon matters relating to the war was held on the 2d of May, at which patriotic resolutions, preceded by a preamble, were presented and adopted. The resolutions were in substance as follows:—

Resolved, That as our town is small in territory and population it cannot be expected that we should raise a full volunteer military company at the present time, yet we will make every effort to raise volunteers to be joined to a company or companies in Templeton or other neighboring towns, said volunteers to be equipped by the State and tendered to the Government on call; that we will furnish each with a

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