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[682] at the end of the war. One was a commissioned officer. The whole amount of money appropriated and expended by the town on account of the war, exclusive of State aid, was nine thousand one hundred and fifty dollars ($9,150.00). In addition to this amount nine thousand four hundred and eighty-eight dollars ($9,488.00) were raised by voluntary contributions to pay bounties and encourage recruiting; making a total of $18,638.00.

The amount of money expended by the town for State aid to soldiers' families during the war, and repaid by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $673.92; in 1862, $3,201.53; in 1863, $3,720.82; in 1864, $3,600.00; in 1865, $2,200.00. Total amount, $13,396.27.

The ladies of Sturbridge probably did as much for the soldiers as any in the Commonwealth according to their means and numbers. In 1863 the money value of the articles forwarded to the front was five hundred dollars, which may be regarded as an average of what they sent in the other years of the war. The net proceeds of one levee held by them was $252.96. The contributions in behalf of the Soldiers-Aid Society in January, 1864, amounted to $414.87. The labor expended by them in making under-garments, bandages, lint, &c., is not included in the estimated money value of the articles contributed.


Incorporated June 21, 1715. Population in 1860, 2,676; in 1865, 2,363. Valuation in 1860, $1,046,341; in 1865, $1,141,588.

The selectmen in 1861 were William R. Hill, Israel A. Dodge, Elijah Sibley, Ira Darling, Jonathan Sprague; in 1862, 1863, 1864, and 1865, Israel A. Dodge, Joel Houghton, Sumner Putnam.

The town-clerk during all the years of the war was Solomon D. King. The town-treasurer during the same years, George Hastings.

1861. The first legal town-meeting to consider matters relating to the war was held on the 30th of April, at which the following resolutions were read and adopted unanimously with great enthusiasm:—

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