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Incorporated Sept. 3, 1639. Population in 1860, 4,479; in 1865, 4,105. Valuation in 1860, $1,644,433; in 1865, $1,699,105.

The selectmen in 1861, 1862, and 1863, were Mason White, Seth B. Wing, Isaiah Fish; in 1864, H. G. O. Ellis, Seth B. Wing, Isaiah Fish; in 1865, H. G. O. Ellis, Paul Wing, Isaiah Fish.

The town-clerk and town-treasurer in 1861, 1862, and 1863, was David C. Freeman; from June, 1863, and during 1864 and 1865, David C. Percival.

The first legal town-meeting, to act upon matters relating to the war, was held on the 11th of May;1at which Messrs. Theodore Kern, Jonathan Leonard, Charles Southack, Benjamin F. Brown, and Charles Dillingham were chosen a committee, ‘to see what action the town should take in regard to war matters.’ The committee reported as follows:—

First, That the treasurer of the town be authorized, with the assent and at the discretion of the selectmen, to borrow a sum not exceeding four thousand dollars, ‘in sums as shall be needed’ for the benefit of the families of those in this town who may enlist ‘in the service of the Government, in defence of our constitutional liberties.’ Second, That the money so borrowed shall be disbursed by the selectmen ‘in the following manner:’ ‘A man that leaves a wife shall receive two dollars a week; a wife and child, three dollars a week; and fifty cents a week for each additional child under fourteen years of age.’

1 It is proper to state that a public meeting was held in April in the Town Hall, notice of which had been given by posters and the ringing of church-bells, an account of which we find in the ‘Sandwich Republican’ of April, 1861. ‘Several gentlemen made speeches, among whom was Major S. B. Phinny, editor of the “Barnstable patriot,” a democratic paper. He was frequently interrupted by the spontaneous and hearty applause of the audience whenever any allusion was made to our Flag, the Constitution, and the Union. On motion of Theodore Kern, Esq., it was voted that the sum of $20 be immediately raised by subscription, as a bounty for each man who would enlist in the campaign. Six hundred and twenty dollars were pledged in the course of the evening in sums varying from $5 to $70,—Major Phinny contributing the seventy dollars, and promising a stand of colors to the company when formed.’ The Sandwich company was formed, and was among the first three-years companies that went to the war.

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