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[172] $84,637,837, in 1865 it was $90,393,467, being an increase in five years of $5,755,630.

According to the returns made by the city and town authorities in 1866, with the exception of Salem and Saugus, which made no return, Essex County furnished 17,806 men for the war. Since that time Salem has made a return, in which it claims to have furnished 2,789. Saugus has made no return, but it probably furnished 210 men. Add these to the returns made in 1866, and they make the whole number furnished by all the cities and towns in the county 20,805, which we believe to be nearly the exact number which was furnished and credited. Every city and town furnished its contingent upon every call made by the President, and each at the end of the war had a surplus over and above all demands, which in the aggregate amounted to 1,678.

The total amount of expenses incurred by all the cities and towns in Essex County on account of the war, exclusive of State aid paid to the families of volunteers in the army and navy, was $1,409,536.05. The amount paid during the war years for State aid to the families and dependants of volunteers, and which was afterwards reimbursed by the Commonwealth, was $1,625,184.18. Total amount, $3,034,720.23.

The following is the record of each city and town in the county:—


Incorporated April 29, 1668. Population in 1860, 3,877; in 1865, 4,210. Valuation in 1860, $1,302,864; in 1865, $1,677,632.

The selectmen in 1861 were William J. Boardman, David M. Tukesbury, Frederick A. Sargent; in 1862, William J. Boardman, David M. Tukesbury, Nathan Martin; in 1863, David M. Tukesbury, Phillip Osgood, Daniel Gould; in 1864, William J. Boardman, David M. Tukesbury, W. F. M. Huntington; in 1865, David M. Tukesbury, W. F. M. Huntington, S. S. Blodgett.

The town-clerk during all these years was Joseph Merrill. The treasurer in 1861 was William F. Vining; in 1862, 1863, 1864, and 1865, E. M. Morse.

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