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 one thousand dollars were appropriated for the payment of State aid during the year to the families of volunteers, to be paid in accordance with the act of the Legislature recently passed. 1862. August, The town authorized the selectmen to pay a bounty of two hundred dollars to each volunteer who should enlist in the military service of the United States, and be mustered in and credited to the quota of the town. 1863. No action appears to have been taken by the town, in its corporate capacity, upon matters relating to the war during this year. 1864. November 19th, The town voted to pay each volunteer who should enlist in the military service for three years, and be credited to the quota of the town, a bounty of one hundred and twenty-five dollars; which does not appear to have been changed during the existence of the war. 1865. At the annual meeting in March five thousand dollars were appropriated for State aid to the families of volunteers during the year. Essex, according to the return made by the selectmen in 1860, furnished eighty-six men for the war. The real number was about one hundred and seventy, which was a surplus of eleven over and above all demands. Two were commissioned officers. The whole amount of money appropriated and expended by the town on account of the war, exclusive of State aid, was thirty-four thousand three hundred and two dollars ($34,302.00). The amount of money raised by the town and expended during the four years of the war for State aid to the families of volunteers, and which was afterwards reimbursed to it by the Commonwealth, was as follows: In 1861, $341.25; in 1862, $3,797.73; in 1863, $5,147.24; in 1864, $3,941.53; in 1865, $2,378.86. Total amount, $15,606.61. The ladies of Essex formed a Soldiers' Aid Society early in the war, to aid the volunteers and their families, which continued in active existence until the end.
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