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Incorporated April 25, 1760. Population in 1860, 3,164; in 1865, 3,132. Valuation in 1860, $1,103,143: in 1865, $1,316, 700.

The selectmen in 1861 were D. G. Potter, E. R. Walker, E. W. Sholes; in 1862, D. G. Potter, E. R. Walker, Austin Fuller; in 1863, D. G. Potter, E. R. Walker, N. F. Rogers; in 1864, D. G. Potter, Hiram Newton, Dwight King; in 1865, D. G. Potter, Dwight King, J. B. Foster.

The town-clerk in 1861, 1862, 1863, and 1864, was N. F. Rogers; in 1865, E. B. Miles. The town-treasurer during all the years of the war was William N. Flynt.

1861. The first legal town-meeting, to act upon matters relating to the war, was held on the 3d of May, at which it was voted that all residents of Monson, while drilling and preparing to enter the military service of the United States, ‘shall have their support;’ and when enlisted and mustered into the military service ‘shall have a good outfit, and be paid ten dollars a month by the town while in actual service, and their families shall receive a sufficient sum to support them during their absence.’ The treasurer was authorized to borrow whatever sum of money might be required, and a committee of seven was appointed to carry the above votes into effect. The following resolution was read and unanimously adopted:—

Resolved, That the people of Monson are unanimous for upholding, supporting, and defending the United-States Government, and to that end are ready to respond to the demand of the legally constituted authorities of Massachusetts and the United States in the performance of every loyal and patriotic duty.

1862. At a meeting held on the 26th of July, the selectmen were authorized to pay a bounty of one hundred dollars to each volunteer, to the number of thirty-six, who shall enlist for three years in the military service, and be credited to the quota of the town. At another meeting held on the 8th of August, it was voted to pay the same bounty to volunteers who shall enlist for nine months service, and be credited to the quota of the town. This bounty on the 24th of November was increased fifty dollars.

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