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Incorporated as a town May 14, 1636; as a city April 12, 1852. Population in 1860, 15,199; in 1865, 22,038. Valuation in 1860, $8,669,806; in 1865, $13,379,212.

The mayor in 1861 was Stephen C. Bemis; aldermen, Henry Gray, Ephraim W. Bond, H. N. Case, Nathaniel Howard, Charles Woodman, Amos Call, William Smith, A. J. Plumer. In 1862, Stephen C. Bemis, mayor; Henry Gray, E. W. Bond, H. N. Case, T. W. Wason, Horace Kibbe, Horace Smith, William Smith, H. S. Eveans, aldermen. In 1863, Henry Alexander, Jr., mayor; Justin M. Cooley, William Patton, William K. Baker, Daniel L. Harris, William Bodertha, Horace Smith, Virgil Perkins, Andrew J. Plumer, aldermen. In 1864, Henry Alexander, Jr., mayor; Norman W. Talcott, William Patton, Albert D. Briggs, Frederick H. Harris, Charles Barrows, Warren H. Wilkinson, Virgil Perkins, Harvey E. Moseley, aldermen. In 1865, Albert D. Briggs, mayor; Henry S. Hyde, George R. Tormsley, Otis Childs, Frederick H. Harris, Charles Barrows, Warren H. Wilkinson, Andrew J. Plumer, aldermen.

The city clerk and city treasurer in 1861 was Horace C. Lee; in 1862, Samuel B. Spooner, Jr.; in 1863, 1864, and 1865, Albert F. Folsom.1

1861. The first action taken by the city, in regard to the war, was the passage of a resolve by the city council on the 18th of April appropriating five thousand dollars to assist the military companies of Springfield in making necessary preparations for entering upon active military service. On the 29th of the same month twenty thousand dollars were appropriated for the same general purposes.

1862. August 26th, The city government passed the following resolution:—

1 Horace C. Lee resigned Oct 21, 1861, to take command of the Twenty-seventh Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, and Henry Smith was chosen to serve the balance of the year. Samuel B. Spooner, Jr., resigned Sept. 30, 1862, to accept the commission of captain of Company A, Forty-sixth Regiment, and Albert F. Folsom was chosen to fill the vacancy, and has remained in office ever since.

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